Draft Syllabus
B.A.M.S
UG Syllabus


   SUBJECT : KRIYA SHARIR

KRIYA SHARIR

 

Theory- Two Papers-100 Marks Each

Practical/ Viva voce- 100 Marks

Hours of teaching Theory-200
[
Hours of teaching Practical-200

 

Paper – I                                                                                                                    100 Marks
Part A                                                                                                                           50 Marks

 

1] Explanation of Basic Terms & Concepts –                                (Lect-6)

Ayurved, Ayu, Sharir, Kriya, Aims & objects of Ayurved.
Importance of Sharir – Kriya – Vijnyan, Ashtang Ayurved,
Definition of Swastha.

Modern – Cell, Cell – organells & their functions, Tissue, Organ Systems. Nice to know -  Definition and mechanism of maintenance of Homeostasis. Membrane physiology (Transport across membrane – Diffusion, active transport, Osmosis) Resting Membrane Potential, and Action Potential.

2] Basic Principles of Ayurved –                                                   (Lect. 6)

     Lok – Purusha Sidhanta, Pancha Bhautik Sidhanta
    Dosha – Dhatu- Mala – Mulam hi Shariram, Samanya – Vishesha  
    Sidhanta
    Rogasya – Arogyasya karanam, Concept and functions of Srotas

3] Chikitsa – Adhistita Purusha                                                 (Lect. 2)

    Tridhatuk,Shad Dhatuk, Chaturvinshatik , Rashi Purusha

4] Introduction to Dosha –                                                         (Lect. 8)

Dosha – Nirukti, Definition, Number (Sharir & Manas Dosha),
Prakrut – Vaikrut dosha

Vinshati Guna – to Understand Gunas of Dosha.
Dosha  - Dhatu Sambandha (Ashrya – Ashryi Sambandha)

Dosha – Rutu Sambandha
Trigun – Tridosha Sambandha,
Naisargik Dosha Vrudhi and Kshaya Chakras,

Rasa – Dosha Sambandha, Importance of study of Tridosha.

5] Vata Dosha –                                                                            (Lect. 6)

i) Nirukti, ii) Synonyms iii) Panchabhautic Sanghatan, Swarup
iv) Samanya Sthana, v) Guna, vi) Samanya Karya, vii) Sub types – Prana, Udan, Vyan, Saman, Apan (Sthan, Karya of each sub type), viii) Vata Vruddhi, ix) Vata Kshaya.

6] Pitta Dosha –                                                                                (Lect. 6)

 i) Nirukti ii) Synonyms iii) Panchabhautic Sanghatan, Swarup
iv) Samanya Sthana  v) Guna vi) Samanya Karya vii) Sub types – Pachak, Ranjak, Bhrajak, Sadhak, Alochak (Sthan, Karya of each sub types)
    viii) Pitta Vruddhi ix) Pitta Kshaya.

7] Kapha Dosha –                                                                            (Lect. 6)
[
i) Nirukti  ii) Synonyms iii) Panchabhautic Sanghatan, Swarup
iv) Samanya Sthanas v) Guna vi) Samanya Karyas vii) Sub types –Kledak Bodhak, Abalamvak, Shelshak, Tarpaka (Sthan, Karya of each sub type) viii) Kapha Vruddhis ix) Kapha Kshaya.

8] Prakriti –                                                                                       (Lect. 10)

    Definition, Prakriti Nirman (Creation), Prakruti Nirmankar  Bhava, Types of  
    Prakriti - Doshaja, Panchabhautik, Manasik ,Jatyadi Saptavidha Prakriti
    Nice to Know -- General features and Clinical significance of Satvik, Rajasik,   
   Tamasik Prakriti.

   Importance of Prakriti, Examination, Method of Determination of Prakriti,   
  Anukatva, Health Guidance according to Prakriti.

 

Part B
                                                                                                             50Marks

                                                                                       
9] Ahar –                                                                                         (Lect. 10)

     i) Functions of Ahar ii) Classification of Ahar.
    
Modern –
i) Definiton of Nutrients ii) Types of Foods – Carbohydrates Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals, Water (sources, functions, daily requirement, deficiency, symptoms of each of above elements.)

10] Aharpakprakriya –                                                               (Lect. 12)
[
Annapachan –

    Study of Annavaha Srotas and its Organs (Mukha, Amashay, Grahani,    
    Pakvashay, Yakrit),Dosha – Dhatu Mala Concept regarding Pachan 
   (Prana, Saman and Apanvayu, Bodhak and Kledak Kaph, Pachak Pitta)
    Agni Vichar –Definition,types,Comparison of Agni and Pitta
    Ahar Parinamkar Bhav, Aharvidhivisheshayatanani.
   Avasthapak &  Nishthakpak (Vipak) Concept of Koshtha.

    
     Digestion –

  1. Physiological anatomy of Digestive System
  2. Functioning of Digestive System –
  3. 5 Secretions (Chemical Digetion) - Salivary, Gastric, Pancreatic, Bile, Sucus Entericus (Contents Of Each Secretion & Their Functions.)
  4.  Movements (Mechanical Digestion)  
  5. Brief introduction about Carbohydrate, Protein, & Fat Metabolism.
  6. Defecation  Reflex.

    11] Rasa – Rakta Samvahan Prakriya                                            (Lect. 12)

 

i) Organ :- Hridaya- Position, Sanghatan ,Shape.
ii) Hridaya & its relation with Dosha
iii)Concept of Rasa – Rakta Samvahana
iv)Concept of Ayurvedic Nadi Vichar

 Modern :-
I) Circulatory System :- Structure of Heart, Properties of Cardiac muscle, Pulmonary & Systemic Circulation, Conducting System of Heart ( SA Node, AV Node etc.), Cardiac Cycle,

Heart sounds, Heart Rate, Blood Supply of Heart, Blood Pressure, Short term & Long term Control of Blood Pressure. Radial Pulse, ECG

12] Shwasan:-                                                                                  (Lect.10)

       Ayurvedic Concept of Shwasan  

Modern :-

  1. Physilogical Anatomy of Respiratory System, Important Phases of    

     Respiration- Ventilation, Diffusion, Perfusion.,

  1. Regulation of Respiration :- Nervous (Respiratory centers)  

         & Chemical.
    iii) Functions of Respiration
iv)Artificial Respiration- (Non-Invasive and Invasive methods- types  
    and  indications.)
v) Lung function tests –Static & Dynamic
vi) Brief  introduction of Asphyxia, Hypoxia, Dyspnea (nice to know)

 13) Ayurvdic Aspecct of   Vak – Pravrutti                                      (Lect.6)

 

Modern – Aspect of Speech and Articulation

 

  i) Speech – Phonation and Articulation.
  ii) Centre of Speech
  iii) Study of Larynx and Vocal Cords, Positions and Shapes of Vocal   
      Cords During Phonation, Articulation
  iv) Motor Aspect Of Communication.
  v) General introduction to types of Aphasia.

 

 


PAPER – II                                                                                          100 Marks

                                                                                                              
Part A
                                                                                                          50 Marks

1] Introduction to Basic terms & concepts of -                                    (Lect. 2)

Dhatu Upadhatu, Mala – Nirukti,Definition,Dhatwagni,Srotas, Kala,Concept of Dhatu Sara.

2] Sukshma Pachan – Dhatu Poshan Nyaya - Kedra Kulya,                  (Lect. 3)

     Khale Kapot, Kshir – Dadhi  
                                                                
3] Dhatu                                                                                                 (Lect. 28)

 

  1. RASA DHATU

 

Vyutpatti (Nice), Nirukuti, Synonyms, Sthan(site),  Guna (Properties), Karma (Function) Pramana (Quantity) of Rasa Dhatu. Panchbhutik Sanghatana (Composition), Formation of Rasa Dhatu (Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana Kaal(time for formation), Rasa Dhatu Sarata (Twakasara), Updhatu and Mala,  Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi Sambandh, Kshaya and Vriddhi of Rasadhatu.

             Modern –

            Lymph :- Tissue fluid & Lymphathic System , Lymph
            Circulation, Composition of Lymph, Functions of Lymph

 

  1. RAKTA DHATU

 

Vyutpatti (Nice), Nirukuti, Synonyms, Sthan (site), Guna (Properties), karma (Function) and Pramana (Quantity) of Rakta Dhatu;   Panchabhautikatva of Rakta Dhatu, Formation of Raktadhatu (Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana Kaal (time for formation), Features of Shuddha Rakta, Specific functions of Rakta, Rakta Dhatu Sarata, Updhatu and Mala, Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi Sambandh, Kshaya and Vriddhi of Raktadhatu

            Modern –

            Haemopoetic System:-Haemopoiesis, Compostion and  
            Function of Blood & Blood Cells, Blood Clotting, Anticoagulants,  
            Blood Group.

 

 

  1. Mamsa Dhatu

Vyutpatti (Nice), Nirukti, synonyms, Sthan(site), guna(Properties), Karma (Function)  and Pramana(Quantity)  of Mamsa  Dhatu, Panchbhutik Sanghatana (Composition) , Formation of Mamsadhatu (Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana Kaal(time for formation),  Mamsa Dhatu Sarata, Updhatu and Mala, Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi Sambandh , Kshaya and Vriddhi of Mamsadhatu.

          Modern ---

          Muscle Tissue :- Types , Characteristics , Functions,
          Neuromuscular Junction & Synapse, Physiology of Muscle Contraction.
         
iv)       Medo Dhatu

Vyutpatti(Nice), Nirukti, Synonyms, Sthan (site), Guna (Properties), Karma (Function)  and Pramana (Quantity) of Medodhatu, Panchbhutik Sanghatana(Composition), Formation of Medo Dhatu(Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana Kaal(time for formation), Meda Dhatu Sarata, Updhatu and Mala, Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi Sambandh, Kshaya and Vriddhi of Medadhatu.

            Modern
            Adipose Tissue :- Distribution , Functions . Introduction of
            Lipoproteins-HDL, LDL, VLDL.

))
V )      Asthi Dhatu

Vyutpatti (Nice), nirukti, synonyms, Sthan(site), guna(Properties), karma (Function) of Asthi dhatu; Panchbhutik sanghatana (composition)  Formation of Asthi dhatu(Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana kaal(time for formation),Asthi dhatu sarata, Updhatu and Mala, Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi sambandh , Kshaya and Vriddhi of Asthi dhatu.

           Modern –

           Bone :-Histology , Functions, Compositions,
          Aging & Bones,
           Types of Bone

vi)       Majja Dhatu

Vyupatti (Nice), Nirukti,Synonyms, types,Sthan(Site), Guna(Properties), Karma (Function) and Pramana(Quantity)  of Majja Dhatu, Panchbhutik Sanghatana (Composition),Formation of Majja dhatu(Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana Kaal(time for formation), Majja Dhatu Sarata, Updhatu and Mala,  Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi Sambandh.  Kshaya and Vridhi of Majja Dhatu.

           Modern
           Nervous Tissue : - Structure of Neuron, types of Nerve   
            Fibers(Sensory & Motor), Physiology Of Conduction of Nerve Impulse

 

vii) Shukra Dhatu

 Vyupatti (Nice), Nirukti, Synonyms, types, Sthan (site), Guna(Properties), Karma(Function), and Pramana (Quantity)  of Shukra Dhatu, Panchbhutik Sanghatana (Composition),  Formation of Shukra Dhatu(Tridhaparinaman), Parinamana Kaal(time for formation) Shukra Dhatu Sarata, Updhatu and Mala, Dosh-Dushya Ashrayashrayi Sambandh.  Kshaya nad Vriddhi of Majja Dhatu.
Physiological Study of Male & Female Reproductive System.

4. Ojas                                                                                           (Lect 5)

Vyupatti (Nice), Nirukti, Synonyms, Definition, Utpatti, Sthan (site), Guna (Properties), Karma(Function) and Pramana(Quantity) of  Ojas, Classification  of Oja ( Ojo Bheda ),Etiological factors and Manifestations of Oja Kshaya, Visramsa and Vyapat; Physiological and Clinical Significance of Oja in Vayasthapana.
     

Modern Immunity :-

 Brief introduction of Terms : - Anigen , Antibody, Cellular, Immunity, Humoral Immunity, Classification & Types of Immunity – Natural ( Species, Racial, Individual) & Acquired – Active & passive ( Natural , Artificial)

5] Upadhatu :-                                                                                        (Lect 12)
 
Definition, Difference Between Dhatu & Updhatu

i)   Stanya :- Nirukti, Synonyms, Sthana, Swarup, Guna,  Shuddha Stnaya   
     Lakshan, Krishra Dosha,, Stanyotpatti, Stanya Karma

ii) Raja :- Nirukti, Sthan, Swarup, Sanghatana, Guna, Shuddha Raja Lakshan, Parinaman, Raja & Artava – Difference, Artava Vruddhi & Artava Kshaya

Modern –

Structure, Histology of Ovary, Female Sexual Cycle or Menstrual Cycle

iii) Sira :- Niurkti, Synonyms , Swarup, Sanghatana, Utpatti of Sira in Garbha, types, Functions (nice to know).
iv).  Kandara : -  Synonyms, Number, Sthana, Utpatti, Function.
v) Vasa :- Synonyms, Nirukti, Utpatti, Guna, karma.

vi) Twacha :-  Nirukti, Synonyms, Sthana, Swarup, Guna, Karma, Shat Twacha  
     (Charak),Sapta Twacha ( Sushrut) , Chaya Prabha(nice to know).

 
Modern:-

 Histology,Structure & Functions of Skin.
vii) Snyayu :-  Nirukti, Synonym, Sthana, Snayu Utpatti In Garbha, Swarup,  
      Sanghatana, Guna, Types, Karma .
viii) Sandhi :- types, number, functions.

Part B                                                                                                     Marks 50
                                                                                                                
6] Ayurvedic Concept of Mutra, Purisha, Sweda                              (Lect 10)

  Modern :-

  Organs of Urinary System, Kidney – Structure& Histology
Urine Formation – 3 Stages – Glomerular Filtration, Tubular Reabsorption, Tubular Secretion, Functions of Kidney, Composition of Urine, Physiology of Micturition.
Ayurvedic concept of Dhatu-Mala

7) Ayurvedic Concept of Indriya –                                                       (Lect 6)        

     Five Sensory Pathway – Auditory,Tactile, Optic,Gustatory, Olfactory   

 

8) Nervous system–                                                                           (Lect 15)        

   Classification of Nervous System –i) CNS  ii). ANS

  Function of  Twelve  Cranial Nerves

 

Functions of – Cerebrum, Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Brain Stem, Medulla Oblongata., Pons, Cerebellum, Basal Ganglia, Spinal Cord.

Classification and Properties of Nerve Fibers

  Propogation of Nerve impulse (nice to know)
Types & definition of Reflexes 
Difference of UMN and LMN .
 Descending or motor tract (Cortico spinal tract and Extra pyramidal tract) Autonomic nervous system (sympathetic, parasympathetic), EEG.

9) Concept of  Mana,Atma, Nidra, Swapna                                         (Lect 4)

 

  Modern
  Limbic System.
 Sleep –Definition, Rhythm, Requirements. Physiological Responses during  
 Sleep, Different stages during Sleep, Causes of Sleep

10) Endocrine system                                                                          (Lect 15)

 Brief description of Hormones, Types, Mode of Action, Transport, Metabolism, Auto-regulation of Hormonal Secretion, Inter Relation of Hormones, Feedback mechanism.
       
Hormones, their functions, Effect Hyper and Hypo Secretion of Hormones of  Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Supra Renal, Pancreas, Testis, Ovary, Thymus, Pineal Glands.

Brief description of local hormones (Acetylcholine, Serotonins, Bradykinin etc).


PRACTICAL

(100 Marks)
Contents of Practical                        (Hours of Teaching Practical 100 for each group)

  1. Ayurveda practical

 

  1. Assessment of Prakriti
  2. Assessment of Saara
  3. Assessment of Agni
  4. Assessment of Koshtha
  5. Mutra Pareeksha
  6. Purisha Pariksha
  7. Nedi Pariksha
  8. Functions of Vata, Pitta & kapna dosha
  1. Modern Practical

 

Hematology

  1. Collection of Blood Sample
  2. Preparation of Blood film & Staining 
  3. Hemoglobin Estimation
  4. Total RBC Count
  5. Total WBC Count
  6. Differential Leukocyte Count
  7. Packed Cell Volume (PCV)
  8. ESR
  9. Bleeding Time
  10. Clotting Time
  11. Blood Grouping and Rh Typing

Urine examination

  1. Collection of Urine
  2. Physical examination of Urine
  3. Detecting the presence of Albumin in Urine
  4. Detecting the presence of Sugar in Urine
  5. Detecting the presence of  Ketone Bodies in Urine
  6. Detecting the presence of Bile salts and bile pigments in  

    urine

  1. Microscopic examination

Cardio- Vascular system 

  1. Clinical Methods of Examining Cardiovascular System 

    Examination of Arterial Pulse

  1. Arterial Blood Pressure Measurement :
  2. Effect of Posture, Exercise ECG recording
  3. Physical Efficiency Index – Harward Step test

 

Respiratory system

  1. Clinical examination of Respiratory System
  2. Lung Function Tests including Spirometry

Nervous System

  1. Clinical examination of nervous system
  2. Examination of higher mental functions
  3. Examination of cranial nerves
  4. Examination of reflexes
  5. Examination sensory functions
  6. Examination of motor functions
  7. Semen Analysis
  8. Measurement of body temperature
  1. Study of Histology Slides – Stomach, small intestine, large intensive, liver, lungs, striated muscle, cardiac muscle, Artery, vein, kidney, cerebrum, cerebellum, spinal cord, pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, supra renal, testis, ovary, Skin, bone

 

  1. Scalp vein set, bulbs for blood collection, Sahil’s Haemometer, Haemocytometer, test tubes, stands, pipettes, Urinometer, Albunometer, Stethoscope, B.P. Apparatus, Vernier Caliper, Clinical Hammer, Tunning Fork, Nasal Speculum, Ear Speculum , Stop Watch, Centrifuge Machine,Peak Flow Meter, ECG Machine   
  1.  Nice To Know  -  EEG AND EMG   

 

       

Distribution of Marks

1. Record Book / Practical Book 10 Marks
2. Experiment --- 30 Marks
3. Spotting  --- 20 Marks
4. Viva – voce ---  40 Marks

 

Text Books

1. Ayurveda Kriya Sharir Vd. Ranjeet Roy
2. Abhinava Sharir Kriya Vigyana Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
3. Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana Shankar Gangadhar Vaidya
4. Prakrita Dosha Vigyana Acharya Niranjana Dev
5. Tridosha Vigyana Shri Upendranath Das
6. Sharira Tatva Darshana Hirlekar Shastri
7. Prakrita Agni Vigyana Niranjana Dev
8. Deha Dhatvagni Vigyana Vd. Pt. Haridutt Shastri
9. Sharir Kriya Vigyana (Part 1-2) Acharya Purnchandra Jain
10. Sharir Kriya Vigyana Shri Moreshwar Dutt. Vd.
11. Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana Basant Kumar Shrimal
12. Abhinava Sharir Kriya Vigyana Dr. Shiv Kumar Gaur
13. Pragyogik Kriya Sharir Acharya P.C. Jain
14. Physiology Gyton
15. Kaya Chikitsa Parichaya Dr. C. Dwarkanath
16. Concept of Agni Vd. Bhagwan Das
17. Physiology Chatterjee
18. Purush Vichaya Acharya V.J. Thakar
19. Kriya Sharir Prof. Yogesh Chandra Mishra
20. Sharir Kriya Vigyana Prof. Jayaram Yadav &
Dr. Sunil Verma.
21) Sharir Kriya Part 1 ( Hindi) – Dr.R.R.Deshapande,Dr.Wavhal
22) ) Sharir Kriya Part 2 ( Hindi) – Dr.R.R.Deshapande,Dr.Wavhal
23) Sharir Kriya – Part I & Part II (English) – Dr. Ranade, Dr. Deshpande & Dr. Chobhe (Choukhamba Publication Delhi)
24) Concept of Prikriti & Life style – Dr. Ranade, Dr. Deshpande (Choukhamba Publication Delhi)
25) Sharir Kriya Vignyan – Part I & Part II (Marathi) – Dr. Deshpande, Dr. Wavhal (Shantanu Publication, Pune)
26) Sharir Kriya Vignyan – Part I & Part II (Marathi) – Dr. Ranade, Dr. Chobhe  (Proficient  Publication, Pune)
27) Clinical Examination – Dr.S.B.Ranade ,Dr.R.R.Deshpande(Proficient Publication ,Pune)
28) Sharir Kriya Vignyan – Practical (Marathi) – Dr. Deshpande, Dr. Wavhal (Shantanu Publication, Pune)
29) Sharir Kriya Vignyan – Practical (Marathi) – Dr. Ranade, Dr. Chobhe  (Proficient Publication, Pune)
30) Sharirkriya Vignyan Practical Hand Book ( English) – Dr.Ranade ,Dr.Chobhe ,Dr.Deshpande (Proficient Publication, Pune
31). Useful parts of Charak,
Sushrut, Vagbhata.
_ _