Draft Syllabus
B.A.M.S
UG Syllabus


   SUBJECT : Ras Shastra

2.3. RASA SHASTRA (PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE)

Theory Two Papers – 100 Marks Each
Practical/Viva voce – 200 Marks
Hours of teaching Theory - 200
Hours of teaching Practical - 200

Paper 1                                                                                                                       100 Marks

Rasa-Shastra
Part A                                                                                                                            50 Marks

  1. Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasa Shastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of Rasa Darshan.
  2. Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha) : Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikaran, Lohitikarana, Mruta Loha, Satwa Patana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara.
  3. Dravya Varga : Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitra panchaka, Rakta varga, Lavanapanchaka.
  4. Brief description of Yantras and their application Ulukhala Yantra, Khalwa Yantra, Kachhapa Yantra, Patana Yantra - Damaru Yantra- Vidhyadhara Yantra- Urdhwa Patan, Addh Patan & Tiryak Patana Yantra, Jarnarth Tula Yantra, Dola Yantra, Patala Yantra, Palika Yantra, Valuka Yantra, Bhudhara Yantra, Sthali Yantra, Swedana Yantra
  5. Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible) : Samanya Musha, Gostanimusha, Vajramusha, Mahamusha, Yoga musha, Vrintak Musha, Malla/ Pakwa musha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica, platinum.

 

  1. Brief description & applications of : Chullika, Satwapatan Koshthi, Patala Kosthi, Gara Koshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven.
  2. Definition and Types of Puta : Surya puta, Chandra puta, Gomaya puta, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapota puta, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa,  Kumbhaputa, Balukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace.
  3. Knowledge of Parada : Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulottha parada, Types of Rasa, Parada Dosha Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika (Kanchuka) etc. and Grahya-Agrahya Parada, Samanya and Vishesha Shodhana of Parada. Parada Astasamskara, Paradagati and Rasabandha.
  4. Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. Tribhuvana Keerthi  Rasa, Parpati kalpa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa Rasa sindur, Pottali kalpa - Rasa pottali.

Part B                                                                                                                            50 Marks

 

Occurrence, Synonyms, Minerological identification, Sources, Types, Grahya and Agrahyata, Shodhana, Marana and other processing techniques. Properties, dose and therapeutic uses of the following

  1. Maharasa -Abhraka, Vaikrantha, Makshika, Vimala, Shilajatu, Sasyaka, Chapala and Rasaka. Uparasa - Gandhaka, Gairika, Kasisa, Kankshi, Haratala, Manahshila, Anjana and Kankustha Sadharana Rasa -Kampillaka, Gauri pashana, Navasadara, Mriddara shringa, Kaparda, Giri Sindura, Agnijara & Hingula.
  1. Dhatu -Swarna (Gold), Rajata (Silver), Tamra (Copper), Loha (Iron), Vanga (Tin), Naga (Lead), Yashada (Zinc). Kamsya (Bronze), Pittala (Brass)
  1. Ratna - Manikya (Ruby), Mukta (Pearl), Pravala (Coral), Tarkshya (Emerald), Pushparaga (Topaz), Vajra (Diamond), Nilam (Sapphire), Gomeda (Zircon or Cinnamone stone), Vaidurya (Cats eye)

Uparatna- Vaikranta (Tourmaline), Suryakanta (Sun stone), Chandrakanta (Moon stone), Rajavarta (Lapis lazuli), Perojaka (Turquise), Sphatikamani, Trinakanta (Amber), Palanka, Putika, Rudhir.

4. Sudha varga – Sudha (Lime), Kaparda (Cowries), Sukti (Oyster Shell) , Shankh (Conch Shell), Badarashma (Silicate of Lime), Mriga shringa (Stag horn), Khatika, Godanti (Gypsum) and Samudraphena (Cattle Fish bone), Kukkutand twak (Hen’s Egg Shell).
5. Sikata varga-Siktha (Silica), Dugdhapashana (Talc), Nagapashana/ Jaharmohara (Serpentine), Vyomashma, Badarshama, Sange Yeshab (Jade), Kousheyashm (Asbestos) and Akika (Agate).
6. Kshara varga - Sarja kshara (Sodium bicarbonate), Yava kshara, Tankana kshara (Borax), Surya Kshara (Potassium Nitrate).
7. Miscellaneous – Mandura, Bola, Damool Akhawayan (Rakta Bandhini), Kasturi, Bhoonag, Mayurpiccha, Sarjarasa, Maducchishta.
8. Visha and Upavisha-Introduction, collection and storage, classification, synonyms, shodhana, antidote, therapeutic uses, therapeutic and toxic doses and formulations of following Visha  and Upavisha-Vatsanabha, Kuchala, Jayapala,  Dhattura Beej, Bhanga, Bhallataka, Gunja, Arka, Snuhi.  Langali, Karaveera, Ahiphena and Chitrakmool.
9. Aushadhi Yoga Gyanam-  Arogya Vardhini Gutika, Kasturi Bhairava Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Chandraprabha Vati, Chandramrita Rasa, Pratapalankeshwara Rasa, Pravala Panchamrita Rasa, Anandbhairava Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Laxmi Vilas Rasa, Vasanta Kusumakara, Vasantamalati Rasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani Rasa,  Shankha vati, Shwaskuthara Rasa, Hinguleswara Rasa, Hemagarbhapottali, Hridyarnava Rasa , Swarnavanga, Makaradhwaja, Putapakwavaisham Jwarantaka Loha, Vatvidhvamsan Rasa, Kamadudha Rasa, Laghusutshekhar Rasa, Navayasa Loha, Saptamrita Loha, Tamra Parpati, Panchamrita Parpati, Sveta Parpati.
10. Concept of pharamcovigilance and its status in India, with reference to Ayurvedic drugs.

A) Necessary to know – From part A. S.No. 1 to 9
B) Desired to know – From part B S.No. 10

Practical Rasashastra                                                                                               50 Marks

Minimum Twenty five practicals to be performed

  1.  

Rasa [ Parada]

Samanya Shodhana of Parada
Kajjali  
Mugdha rasa

  1.  

Maharasa varga

Shodhana of Abhraka
Dhanyabhraka nirmana
Shodhana of Makshika
Shodhana of Shilajatu
Shodhana of Kankshi
Shodhana of Sasyaka.

  1.  

Uparasa varga

Shodhana of Gandhaka
Shodhana of Gairika
Shodhana of Kasisa
Shodhana of Kankshi
Shodhana of Haratala
Rasa manikya nirman
Shodana of Manashila

  1.  

Sadharana rasa varga

Shodhana of Hingula
Sodhana of Navasadar
Shodhana of Kapardika

  1.  

Sudha Varga

Shodhana of Shankha
Shodhana of Shukti
Shodhana of Pravala mula
Shodhana of Godanti

  1.  

Dhatu varga

Samanya Shodhana of Lauha
Shodhana of Mandura
Samanya Shodhana of Tamra
Shodhana of Naga
Shodhana of Vanga
Shodhana of Yashada

  1.  

Kshara Varga

Shodhana of Tankana

  1.  

Parpati

Preparation of Rasaparpati, Bola Parpati and Swetaparpati

  1.  

Visha varga

Shodhana of Vatsanabha, Bhallataka, Kupilu, Dhattura beeja, Jayapala, Gunja, Chitrakamoola.

PRACTICAL FOR DEMONSTRATION
1. Bhasma  4(one from each group)            I. Abhraka bhasma Swarna makshika bhasma Tamra bhasma
II. Vanga bhasma, Naga Bhasma, Yashad Bhasma
III. Mandura bhasma Kasisa bhasma
IV. Shankha bhasma, Kapardika bhasma, Godanti Bhasma
2. Pishti 1                                                                    Pravala pishti Jaharmohara / Akika  pishti, Trina kantha mani pishti, Mukta pishti
3. Druti 1                                                        Gandhaka druti
4. Formulations 5(one from each group)    I. Rasasindura, Swarna Vanga. Sameer Pannaga Rasa
II. Saptamrutha lauha, Punarnava Mandura, Navayas lauha
III. Agnitundi vati, Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa, Sootshekhara Rasa, Laghusutashekhara Rasa
IV. Arogyavardhini vati, Laghumalini Vasanta Rasa

 

Bhaishajya Kalpana

Paper II                                                                                                                      100 Marks
Part A                                                                                                                         50 Marks

  1. History and Chronological (kramika vikasa) development of Bhaishjyakalpana. Concept of Aushadha and Bheshaja.
  2. Fundamental principles of Bhaishajya Kalpana.
  3. Study of Ancient and Contemporary systems of ‘Mana’ (Units of measurement), Rules of measures of liquid, fresh and dry drugs, Rules and method of collection e.g. Grahyagrahya Nava Puran dravya.
  4. Rules and Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhi dravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science.
  5. Aushadha Matra, Anupana and Aushadh sevan kaala.
  6. Panchavidha kashaya kalpana and Upakalpana : Kashaya Yoni, Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta, Churna, Pramathya, Aushadha siddha paniya, Tandulodaka, Laksha rasa, Mantha, Panaka, Arka, Rasakriya, Ghana, Phanita, Avaleha, Prasha, Gudapaka, Sharkara, Syrups, Ksheerapaka, Satva, Guggulu kalpana, Vati, Guti, Pinda, Modaka, Varti, Suppositories, Preparation of Tablets and pills, Masi kalpana, Lavana kalpana, Kshara kalpana and Kshara sutra.
  7. Introduction and general knowledge of useful instruments-Disintegrator, Mixer, Grinder, End Runner, Edge Runner, Sieve-Shaker, Granulator, Tableting machine, Pill making machine, sieves and mesh.
  8. Sneha kalpana : Sneha yoni, Types of Sneha, Sneha murchana vidhi, Sneha paka vidhi, and their use. Sneha siddhi lakshana, dose, Preparation and uses of Jatyadi Ghrita- Bramhighrita-Narayana taila -Panchaguna taila.
  9. Sandhana Kalpana and its types : Madya Kalpana- Asava - Arishta - Sura (Prasanna - Kadambari - Medaka - Jagala - Bukkasa), Maireya - Surasava - Shukta – Kanjika, Sauvirak,  Tushodaka, Sidhu, kalpana their methods of preparation, siddhi lakshan, properties, uses, doses, Arjunarishta -Ashokarishta- Takrarishta - Dashamûlarishta, Draksharishta, Kutajarishta, Kumaryasava, Chandanasava.

10      Krtanna Kalpana :  Definition of Krtanna, Concept of Pathya and Apathya, Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Yavagu, Anna, Bhakta, Odan, Yush, Krishara, Mansa rasa, Vesavar, Khad Kamblika, Raga, Shadav, Dadhi and Takra Varga –  Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhachika.


PART B

  1. Lepa and Malahara (External Applications)-Lepa -Types of Lepas, methods of preparation and mode of application. Udvartan and Avachurnan, Method of preparation of Siktha Taila, Malahara – Sarjaras Malahar, Gandhak Malahar, Upanaha, Atasi upanaha, Shatadhouta and Sahastradhouta Ghrita.
  2. Netrakalpa (Opthalmic preparations) – Seka, Drava, Pindi, Anjana –Ashchyotana  - Tarpana - Putapaka and Bidalaka, Methods of preparation of eye drops, eye ointments and their sterlisation.
  3. Nasya Kalpana - Classification of Nasya, Method of preparation, therapeutic uses of Navana, Avapidana, Pradhaman, Marsha and Pratimarsha nasya.
  4. Dhumapana kalpana-Classification, Method of preparation and therapeutic uses of Dhumapana and Dhupan.
  5. Mukha kalpana - Method of preparation and therapeutic uses of Gandoosha - Kavala - Pratisaran, Tooth paste, Tooth powders and Mouth wash.
  6. Basti kalpana- Classification, Method of preparation of Niruha and Anuvasana, Basti Therapeutic properties and uses of Basti.
  7. Brief introduction of semi solid dosage forms- Ointments, Creams, Emulsions, Gels, Lotions
  8. Brief knowledge of Standardization of Ayurvedic formulations- Rasaushadhi and Kasthaushadhi.
  9. Brief introduction of Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945.
  10. Concept of Rasashala, Aushadhi Nirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices  (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T.

A) Must to know – Part A- S.No. 1 to 10
Part B – S.No. 1 to 8
B) Desired to know – Part A- S.No. 1 to 7
Part B- S.No. 9 to 10

Practical Bhaisajya Kalpana                                                                                    50 Marks
Following practicals to be performed- (Minimum one from each category)

Method of preparation, therapeutic uses, dose and anupana of the following

  1. Swarasa- Ardraka swarasa, Tulasi swarasa, Kumari Swarasa, Vasa putapaka swarasa
  2. Kalka- Nimba kalka, Rasona kalka.
  3. Kwatha- Punarnavasthaka kwatha, Rasna Sapthaka kwatha, Kulattha kwath.
  4. Hima- Dhanyaka hima, Sarivadi hima .
  5. Phanta- Panchakola phanta,Yastimadhu Phanta.
  6. Pramathya- Mustadi pramathya
  7. Mantha- Kharjuradi mantha
  8. Aushadh siddha paniya- Shadanga paniya
  9. Laksha Rasa .
  10. Arka - Yavani arka, Gulab arka, Misreya arka

11.     Panaka- Chincha panaka, Chandan panaka,
12.     Sharkara- Banapsha sharkara, Nimbu sarkara.
13.     Churna- Sitopaladi Churna, Hinguwashtaka Churna
14.     Gutika- Chitrakadi Gutika, Sanjivani Vati .
15.    Guggulu-Triphala Guggulu, Kaishora Guggulu.
16.     Avaleha- Chyavanaprashavaleha, Vasavaleha, Vyaghri Haritaki avaleha, Manibadra avaleha.
17.     Rasa kriya - Darvi Rasakriya., Guduchi Ghana, Kutaja Ghana .
18.     Khanda- Haridra khanda, Narikela khanda, Sowbhagya shunti paka
19.     Satva- Amruta satva,
20.    Varti- Phala varti, Chandrodaya varthi
21.     Lavana- Arka lavana, Narikela lavana
22.     Masi- Triphala masi, Mayurpiccha Masi
23.     Ksheerapaka- Arjuna ksheerapaka, Rasona ksheerapaka, Shunthi Ksheerpaka
24.     Kshara- Apamarga kshara, Snuhi kshara, Ksharasutra. .
25.    Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Yavagu, Krishra, Vesavara
26.     Yusha - Mudga yusha, Saptamushtika yusha, Kulattha yusha 
27.     Aristha- Kutajarishta, Takrarishta .
28.    Asava - Kumaryasava, Kanakasava
29.     Sukta kalpana- Kanji
30.     Udaka- Tandulodaka
31.     Upanaha- Atasi Upanaha
32.     Siktha Taila Nirmaan
33.    Malahara- Sarjarasa malahara, Gandaka malahara, Cream, Emulsion.
34.     Sneha Kalpana Sneha Murchhana-  Ghrita Murchana, Taila Moorchhana, Ghrita kalpana-Jatyadi, Triphala, ksheerashatphala ghrita-
Taila kalpana-Panchaguna taila, Arka taila, Bala taila,Jatyadi taila
35.     Taila patana- Bhallataka taila patana, Jayapala taila patana
36.     Shodana- Guggulu, Hingu.
II.Visit of minimum three GMP approved Ayurvedic manufacturing units.
Distribution of Marks

  1. Record Book 10 Marks
  2. Experiment 30 Marks
  3. Spotting 20 Marks
  4. Viva-voce 40 Marks

Total 100 Marks Reference Books
1. Adyatan Rasa Shastra                                             R.K. Goyal
2. Abhinav Rasa Shastra                                             Vaidya Somadev Sharma
3. Asava Arishta Vigyanam                                        Dr. Pakshdhar Jha
4. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra (Sachitra)                       Chandrabhusan Jha
5. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra                                        Badrinarayan Pandey
6. Rasa Bhaishajya Paribhasa                          Sureshananda Thapaliyal
7. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra                                        Prof. Siddhi Nandan Mishra
8. Ayurved Prakash                                                    Vaidya Gujrat Mishra
9. Drugs and Cosmetic Act
10. Paka Darpana                                                        Dr. Indradev Tripathi
11. The Paka-darpana of King Nala                           Dr. Madhulika critical study
12. Parada Vigyaniyam                                               Vasudev M. Dwivedi
13. Pratyaksha Aushadh Nirmanam                           Acharya VishwanathDwivdei
14. Bhaishjyakalpana Vigyanam                                 Dr. Ambikadatta Shastri
15. Rasa Tarangini                                                      Sadanand Sharma
16. Rasa Darpan                                                          Prof. Bhajan Das Swami
17. Rasa Bindu                                                           Dr. Sanjay Sharma
18. Rasa Hridaya Tantra (Hindi)                                Rameshwar Dayal Bajpai
19. Rasa Hridaya Tantra (English)                              Prof. Harishankar Sharma
20. Rasa Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyan Vaidya            Santosh Kumar Khandal
21. Rasa Mitra Dr. Tryambak Nath Sharma
22. Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya                                     Dattattreya Ananta Kulkarni Krit Hindi Vyakhya.
23. Rasa Shastra Prayogiki Srivastava,                       Yadav and Prof. Ramesh Saxena
24. Rasamritam                                                           Vaidya Yadavji Tirkramji Acharya
25. Rasayan Sara                                                         Vaidya Shyam Sunderacharya Vaishya
26. Rasendra Sampradaya                                          Vaidya Hajari Lal Sukul
27. Rasendra Sara Sangraha                                       Vaidya Gopal Krishna
28. Rasendra Sara Sangraha                                       Vaidya Satyarth Prakash
29. Vaidyak Paribhasha Pradeep (Hindi)                   Dr. Indradev Tripathi

30. Sharangdhar Samhita                                            Dr. Avadh Bihari Agnihotri
31. Bharatiya Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyana               Vishwanath, Gananath Dwivedi
32. Bhaishajya Kalpana Vijnanam                              Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy.
33. Rasa Shastra (English)                                          Prof. Damodar Joshi
34. Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (English)                     Prof. Damodar Joshi
35. Rasendra Chintamani                                            Publication of Govt. of India.
36. Useful parts of Charaka,                                       Sushruta and Vagbhata
37. Ayurvedic formulary of India                              Part I and II
38. Pharmacopic standards for Ayurvedic
formulation published by CCRAS
39. Bhaishjya Kalpana Vigyan                                   Siddhi Nandan Mishra
40. Textbook of Rasashasra                                        Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy.
41. Ashadhayoga Vigyanam                                       Dr. K. Ramachandra reddy
42. Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradipa
(Enlgish Translation)                                            Dr. K. Ramachndra Reddy    
Dr. P. Suresh