CENTRAL COUNCIL OF INDIAN MEDICINE

NEW DELHI

 

SYLLABUS FOR POST – GRADUATE COURSE IN AYURVED

 

Preliminary Examination

Research Methodology & Medical Statistics

2-3

Basic Principles of Anaidanikiya Group

3-5

Basic Principles of Naidanikiya Group

6-8

 

Final Year Examination

1.   AYURVED SIDDHANT

9-10

2.   AYURVED SAMHITA
(a) Charak Samhita
(b) Sushrut Samhita
(c) Vagbhat Samhita

11-11

3.   RACHANA SHARIR

12-13

4.   KRIYA SHARIR

14-18

5.   DRAVYAGUNA VIGYAN

19-26

6.   RASASHASTRA

27-35

7.   BHAISHAJYA KALPANA

36-43

8.   AGADA TANTRA EVUM VYAVAHARA AYURVED

44-47

9.   SWASTHAVRITTA

48-51

10.  ROGNIDAN & VIKRITI VIGYAN

52-55

11.        MANOVIGYAN EVUM MANASROG

56-62

12.        PRASUTI & STRI ROG

63-67

13.        KAUMARBHRITYA

68-73

14.        KAYACHIKITSA

74-77

15.        SHALYA TANTRA (SAMANYA)

78-82

16.        SHALYA KSHAR EVUM ANUSHASTRA KARMA

83-87

17.        SHALAKYA ( NETRA ROG VIGYAN)

88-91

18.        SHALAKYA (KARNA- NASA-KANTHA-SHIROROG)

92-94

19.        SHALAKYA ( MUKHA & DANTA ROG VIGYAN)

95-97

20.        PANCHKARMA

98-105

21.        SANGYAHARAN

106-107

22.        CHHAYA EVUM VIKIRAN VIGYAN

108-109

 

 

Syllabus for MD (Ayu) Preliminary Examination

PAPER-I

      RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND MEDICAL STATISTICS

 

(A)  METHODS OF RESEARCH

 

    Aims and objects of research in Ayurveda, Ancient modern methods of Research.  Setting up of a basic research laboratory including Animal House.                                                                                              

    Principles and methods of fundamental, clinical, drug and literary research.  Manuscriptology principles and methods of survey of medical plants.

 

    Radio-isotopes and their role in medical research.  Radiation and their biological effects.

 

    Introduction of specific research instruments like chromatography Spectrometer, Calorimeter, Electrophoresis apparatus and other latest research instruments.

 

(B)  MEDICAL STATISTICS

 

1.   Application of statistical methods to Ayurvedic research, collection, compilation and tabulation of medical statistics, methods of presentation of data, calculation of mean, median and mode, measurement of variability, standard deviation, standard error, normal probability curve.

 

2.   Concept of regression and co-relation and their interpretation.

 

3.   Tests of significance, tx2 and F test and their simple application.

 

4.   Principle of medical experimentation on variation in experimental design.

5.   Vital statistics.

Reference Books

1.    Ayurvediya Anusandhan Paddhati                                           P.V.Sharma

2.    Research Methodology                                                     Prof.V.J.Thakar

3.    Drug Survey                                                          Mayaram Uniyal

4.    Methods in Biostatistics for Medical Students                  B.K. Mahajan

5.    Introduction to Biostatistics                                      Huldali Bancroft

6.    Practical Problem in Statistics                                    D .N., Elhance

7.    Health statistics                                                            N.S.N. Rao

8.    A short text book of Medical Statistics                              Sir A.B.Hill

9.    Introduction to Clinical Research                            William C. Scheffer

10. A short text book of Medical Statistics            Sir Austin Brocdtord Hill

                                                                                (Indian edition)

 

PAPER- II

MAULIK SIDDHANT

(Any one of the following groups should be taken as per Naidanikiya or Anaidanikiya group)

Group-A

Anaidanikiya (Non-Clinical)

2. (a)  Basic Principles of Ayurveda.

2. (b)  Basic principles of Sharir

2. (c)  Basic Principles of Dravya guna and Rasa-Shastra.

2. (d)  Basic underline practical principles of Medicine.

 

Group-B

Naidanikiya (Clinical)

2.(a)   Fundamentals of  Nidan and Chikitsa (Etiology and treatment)

2.(b)   Fundamentals of Shalya and Shalakya Tantra

2.(c)   Basic Principles of Prasuti Tantra, Stri-Rog  and Kaumarbhritya

2.(d)   Underline practical principles of Medicine.

 

PAPER-II

GROUP-A

1.  Basic Principles of Ayurveda

Basic Principles of Ayurveda, Principles and technical terms of other darshan along with Sankhya and Vaisheshik darshana.

Specific knowledge of principles of Sankhya & Vaisheshik along with other darshana (Philosophy) incorporated in Ayurvedic literature. Importance of  Ayurvedic Philosophical concept, determination of padartha, determination of tetra, description of vada-marga, proper knowledge of Basic principle of Ayurveda, theory of evolutions, determination of purusha according to dhatu-bheda, description of tantraukti its utility, number and knowledge of technical terms of Ayurveda.

 

Reference Books

1.   Related matters of Charak & Sushrut

2.   Sankhyakarika                                                         Tatvakaumudi

3.   Vaisheshika darshan                                       Prashastapada bhasya

4.   Patanjala yogadarshan                                                 Vyasa bhasya

5.   Vedantasara

6.   Ayurveda darshanam                                     Acharya Rajkumar Jain

 

2.  Basic principles of Sharir (Rachana Sharir and Kriya Sharir)

Study of the main principles of practical rachana sharir & Kriya sharer (anatomy and physiology). Specific study of the following matters in the preview of prakriti & vikriti: 

1)       Study of Sira & Dhamani along with the study of Snayu, Nadi, and Kandara.

2)       Analysis of srotas according to Charak & Sushrut.

3)       Detailed study of marma, with definition, variety, description, site anatomical distribution, specific action & establishment of its importance.

4)       Knowledge of Agni, its importance, specific variety and characteristics.

5)       Narration of Mahasrotas, description of kostha,  anatomical & physiological study of Hridya (Heart),  Kloma, Phuphus (Lungs) Yakrit, Pliha, Unduk, Vrikka (Kidney), Nabhi, Dimba, Basti etc. Functional study of Dhatu, Oja, Gyanedriya, Mana, Buddhi etc. & other related structures.

Reference Books

1.   Related matters of Charak Samhita

2.   Sharir sthan of Sushrut

3.   Related matters of Ashtang Samgraha and Hridaya

4.   Pratyaksha Shariram

5.   Abhinava Shariram

6.   Parishadya Shabdartha Shariram

 

3.  Basic Principles of Dravyaguna Vigyan and Rasa-shastra

Practical & specific knowledge of the principles described in Dravyaguna Shastra. Determinations of specific Ganas & Varga. Determination of practical importance of Rasa, guna, virya, vipaka, & prabhava principles. Knowledge of the technical terms (like dipan, pachan etc) described in Dravyaguna. Knowledge of the newer methods of drug research. Classification of Rasa-dravya & their practical utility. Description of Dhatu, Updhatu, Ratna, Uparatna, Visha, & Upavisha & their main formulations.

Five types of kashaya kalpana, formulation of Asava, Arishta, Bhasma, Loha, Mandur, formulations of  rasa-adusadhi, formulation of ghrita ,tail, Avaleha and paka kalpana and their practical knowledge & utility.  Knowledge of recent methods & instruments of Bhaishaja Kalpana

Reference Books

1- Dravyaguna Vigyan                            —           Yadavji Trikamji

2- Dravyaguna Vigyan                            —        Priyavrata Sharma

3-Aushadgunadharma Shastra                 —    Pt. Vishvanath Dvivedi

4- Rasaratnasamucchaya

5 Rasendrasarasamgraha 

6. Kriyatmaka Aushadaha Parichaya Vigyan—       Vishvanath Dvivedi

 

4.  Basic Underlines Practical Principles of Medicine

General knowledge of the basic principles of modern medicine, Homeopathy, Unani, Siddha, Chainic, Tibbati and other prevailing systems of medicine in the purview of the basic principles of Ayurvedic Medicine.

Description of general and specific principles of kayacikitsa

Determination of dosha & dushya, Knowledge of avarana (overriding) of doshas, specific knowledge of samsarga and sannipata of Dosha, Description of srotodusti, sequence of treatment of the different variety of diseases and group of diseases. Practical knowledge of the principles of treatment, increase  of Kshina Dosha and depletion of vriddha dosha, shadvidha upakram, dvividha upakrama (Santarpana & Apatarpana) and  Shadvidhakriyakalopakrama etc .

Proper knowledge of methods of Rasayana & Vajikarana and the medicinal formulations to be used in those processes. Practical importance of purvakarma, pashchatkarma & methods of Panchakarma, knowledge of diseases related to difference systems like Pranavaha, Raktavaha etc.

Reference Books

1-   Charaka Samhita with chakrapanidutta

2-   Sushrut Samhita  related to medicine

3- Ashtang Samgraha and Ashtang Hridaya related to medicine

4- Cikitsadarsha                                      - Pandit Rajesvardutta Shastri

5- Kayachikitsa                                                - Ramaraksha Pathaka

6- Rog Pariksha Vidhi                                             - Priyavrat Sharma

7- Panchakarma Vigyan                                 - Haridas Sridhar Kasture

GROUP- B

1. Basic Principles of Rog -Nidan & Vikriti Vigyanam

Detailed study of various methods of the examination of diseases and patients specially Dvividha, Trividha, chaturvidha, Panchavidha, Shadvidha, Astavidha & Dasavidha pariksha and their specific utility in medical science. Knowledge of different new methods and instruments related to examination of patients. Examination of vitiated dosha, dhatu & mala.  Assessment of importance of examination in different diseases, proper knowledge of avarana of dosha, dhatu & mala. Importance of features due to avarana as specific causative factors in the production of the diseases. Proper acquaintance of Ashayapakarsha, Trividha rogmarga, sanchayadi-kriyakala as per etiopathological view.  Specific knowledge of pathogenesis of diseases, importance of pathogenesis in the manifestation of disease. Knowledge of natural immunity. Knowledge of Arishta Vigyan (Bad Prognostic signs).

Reference Books

1-   Sutra-Nidan-Vimana-Indriya Sthan of Charak Samhita 

2-   Related matters of Sushrut Samhita, Ashtang Samgraha and Ashtang Hridaya

3- Madhava Nidan                               — Madhukosha Commentary

4- Ayurvediya Vyadhi Vigyan                 —Yadavji Trikam ji Acharya

5- Rog Pariksha Vidhi                           —Priyavrat Sharma 

6-Abhinava Vikriti Vigyan                      —Raghuvir Prasada Divedi

 

2. Basic Principles of Shalya & Shalakya Tantra

Characteristics of rakta and establishment of its 4th doshatwa in the perview of the knowledge of dosha, dhatu & mala. Proper knowledge of diseases described in Shalyatantra and their etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features and treatment. Knowledge of Yantra, Shastra & Anustrastra.  Merits and demerits of shastra.  Practical knowledge of astavidha shastra karma in different diseases. Surgical diseases and their methods. Kinds of Vrana, methods of vrana bandhan, sixty procedures of vranas, importance of application of Kshar, method of prepartion of Kshar. A brief knowledge of required medicines for kshar preparation. Method of application of Kshar in different diseases, knowledge of application of Kshar, knowledge of agnikarma and its applicability, practical knowledge and description of different variety of rakta mokshana like siravedha, Shrings, Jalouka and  Alabu.

Proper knowledge of diseases above the clavicle, their etiology and clinical features. Knowledge of practical application and method of preparation of different procedures applicable in diseases above the clavicle like ashchyotan, vidalaka, putapaka, tarpana, Anjan, Dhumpana, Kavala, Gandusha, Raktamokshan, nasya, Sirovasti etc. Description along with practical application of newer instruments applied in different diseases depicted in Shalakya Tantra.

 

Reference Books

1. Related matters of Sushrut Samhita, Ashtang Samgraha and Ashtang Hridaya

2. Saushruti—Ramanth Dvivedi  

3. Shalya samanvaya

 

3. Basic Principles of Prasuti tantra, Stri Rog and Kaumarbhritya

Description of importance of female anatomy, anatomy of uterus, associated hormones of menstrual cycle, ovum, fertilization & implantation, formation of twin pregnancy, underlying causes of the formation of foetus, Sada-dhatvatmka form of fetus, Maternal factors, and development of foetus, foetal implantation, Endometrial membrane, Nutrition of the foetus, Sex formation in foetus and ante-natal and pre-natal care, formation of Jarayu (amniotic membrane) and Placenta.

Different stages of labour management, haemorrhage and its control, types of foetal expulsion, Therapeutic measures of normal labour, Abnormal labour, knowledge of cephalo-pelvic disproportion, Mudhagarbha (Obstructed labour), complications and treatment of abortion and miscarriage, Post-labour measures, cutting of umbilical cord, abnormalities of lactation.

Yoni-Vyapada, Stanya Rog, general disease in female, Rakta gulma (hydatidiform mole), Breast and Uterine cancer, Uterine prolapse, exogenous vaginal diseases.   Etiology, pathogenesis and symptomatic treatment of diseases occurring in females, knowledge of methods uttrar Basti, pichu, Varti, lepa, dhupan (fumigation), dhavan (douching), agnikarma (Cauterisation) etc. Different types and uses of various surgical methods in different female disorders.

Neonatal examination, Neo-natal care and nutrition of New born (neonate). Balashosa (Marasmus), Pari-Garbhika, phakka (Rickets), jalashirsha (Hydrocephalus) and other diseases like kasa, swasa, Grahani, Diarrhoea, paksaghata (Paralysis), Heart diseases, Kukunaka (Conjunctivitis), obstructed anus, Phimosis and horn, Trachoma, Charmadala, Kshiralaska, Ulvaka Rog,  Vomiting,  Child epilepsy, Worm infestations, Talukantaka, Treatment of diseases due to (grahavadha) external demons according to their etiology and symptoms.

 

Reference Books

  1. Related portion of Charak Samhita
  2. Kashyapa Samhita
  3. Harita Samhita
  4. Abhinav Prasuti Tantra                         — Ayodhya Prasad Achal
  5. Abhinav Stri rog Vigyan                        — Ayodhya Prasad Achal

    6. Kumat Tantra Samccaya                             — Ramanath dvivedi

 

4. Underlying Practical Principles of Treatment

General knowledge of the basic principles of modern medicine, Homeopathy, Unani, Siddha, Chainic, Tibbati and other prevailing systems of medicine in the purview of the basic principles of Ayurvedic Medicine.

Description of general and specific principles of kayacikitsa

Determination of dosha & dushya, knowledge of avarana (over riding) of doshas, specific knowledge of samsarga and sannipata of Dosha, Description of srotodusti, sequence of treatment of the different variety of diseases and group of diseases. Practical knowledge of the principles of treatment, increase of Kshina Dosha and depletion of vrddha dosha, shadvidha upakram, dvividha upakrama (Santarpana & Apatarpana) and  Shadvidhakriyakalopakrama etc .

Proper knowledge of methods of Rasayana & Vajikarana and the medicinal formulations to be used in those processes. Practical importance of purvakarma, pashchatkarma & methods of Panchakarma, knowledge of diseases related to difference systems like Pranavaha, Raktavaha etc.

Reference Books

1-   Charak Samhita with cakrapanidutta

2-   Sushrut Samhita  related to medicine

3-   Ashtang Samgraha and Ashtang Hridaya related to medicine  

4-   Cikitsadarsha                                  - Pandit Rajesvardutta Shastri

5-   Kayachikitsa                                   - Ramaraksha Pathak

6-   Rog Pariksha Vidhi                           - Priyavrat Sharma

7-   Panchakarma Vigyan                       - Haridas Sridhar Kasture


MD (Ayu) PART-II EXAMINATION

 

  1. AYURVEDA – SIDDHANT - DARSHANA

PAPER -I

Ayurvediya Siddhant

Introduction and description of main basic principles described in Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita, Ashtang Hridya, Ashtang Samgraha etc.; analysis of principles specially loka-purusha samya, panchmahabhuta, tanmatra, tridosha, sapta dhatu, mala, oja, agni, ama, ashtahar-vidhi visehsaytana, upstambha, srotas, bij chatushtaya, dravya-guna-rasa-virya-vipaka; vad-vidhi, gyanopaya, description of karanarupa padartha according to ayurveda.

 

PAPER - II

Darshanika Siddhant

Speciality of philosophy of ayurveda, discussion, and critical study of philosophical principles incorporated in ayurvedic text especially avyaktam (parkriti), shrishtikrama, chaturvidha pariksha, pramanvada (epistemology), shat padartha, karan karya vada, description of karya and karana along with their variety, description of karya, vivartavada, satkaryavad, parinamvada, arambhavada, parmanuvada etc., analytical study of basic principles of samkhya-nyaya-vaisheshika darshana, clinical/practical applications of above mentioned principles in therapeutics and research fields.

 

PAPER - III

Itardarshananam Paryalochanam

Comparative study of the depicted principles of ayurveda for achieving the goal along with the principles of other philosophical schools. Manovimarsha, atma-vicara, moksha, punarjanma, svabhavoparamvada, ashtangyoga, anekantavada, syatvada, chatuviddha siddhant, tantra yukti, tachhilya, kalpana, arthashrya, vyakhya, vakyartha bodhak vrittis, tantraguna, tantradosha, vadamarga, pada – analytical study of above mentioned principles with applying these in therapeutics and research.

 

PAPER - IV

Ayurveda- Darshan Vangamayasya Itihas

 

Introduction and description of tantra kartas (authors), pratisamskartas (redactors), tika-karas (commentators), famous personalities of rasa-shastra, nighantukaras and their works from ancient times till date; introduction and contribution of famous authors of ayurvedic texts in twentieth century; developmental studies of branches of ayurveda. Recognition of education and research in ayurveda by the government, globalisation of science of ayurveda, introduction of department of AYUSH established by central government health ministry and councils under AYUSH- CCIM, CCRAS. Formation, introduction and activities of organisations like Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapitha.

 

Practical

1.   Clinical/practical study of panchmahabhuta, tridosha, dhatu, mala etc referring to karana and karya.

2.   Application of methods of examination of charak in the examination of dravya, guna, rog and rogi.

3.   Examination of minimum 100 patients in hospital is essential with practical study and application of essential secondary principles in those.

Reference Books

 

1.   Charak Samhita With Chakrapani commentary

2.   Sushruta Samhita With Dalhana Commentary

3.   Ashtanga Samgraha

4.   Ashtanga Hridaya

5.   Vaisheshika Darshan                    – Prashastapada bhasya

6.   Nyaya Darshan                           - Vatsyayan Bhasya Patanjala

7.   Yoga Darshan                             - Vyas Bhasya

8.   Vedantsara

9.   Sarvadarshan Samgraha

10. Bhartiya Darshan                         - Baldev Upadhayaya

11. Ayurved Darshanam                    - Acharya Rajkumar Jain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. AYURVED SAMHITA

PAPER -I

Charak Samhita

Charak Samhita complete with Ayurvedadipika commentary by Chakrapani.

PAPER -II

Sushrut samhita

Sushrut samhita complete and Nibandha samgraha commentary by Acharya Dalhana on Sutra- sthana and Sharir- sthana only.

PAPER -III

Ashtang-hridayam

Ashtang-hridayam Sutra- sthanamatram with Sarvanga -sundara commentary by Aruna Datta and Ayurveda- rasayana commentary by Hemadri.

PAPER -IV

Ayurvedavangmayasya Itihas

1)   Complete historical introduction and contribution of propounder, redactors and commentators of Brihattrayi.

2)   Rational explanation of some references from Charak, Sushrut and Ashtang hridaya be related to the present day scenario and should be utilized for practical applicability.

 

Reference Books

1.      Samhitas along with above said commentaries.

 

 

 


3. RACHANA SHARIR

 

PAPER -I

 

Ayurvediya Rachana Sharir

 

a)  Description of Sharir

 

General introduction. Etymological derivation of Sharir.  Explanaton of Sharir. Shadangatva, Knowledge and importance of Sharir and Shaarir, Tridoshamayatvam, Panchabhoutikatvam, Sukshma Sharir.

 

b) Koshthanga Sharir

 

Detail etymological derivation of 'Koshtha' and Koshthangas, detailed study of each Koshthanga Includes systemic Anatomy.

 

c) Snayu and Kandara

 

Detail study of Snayu, Kandara, Rajju and their general description.

 

d) Asthi Sharir

 

General Introduction and description of bones, difference among number of bones according to followers of Veda and Shalya Tantra. Derivation of Asthi. Types of bones, ossification and detailed study of each bone and its applied anatomy.

 

e) Sandhi Sharir

 

Description, features, number, types and applied anatomy of joints.

 

f) Sira, Dhamani and Srotas Sharir

 

Etymology, derivation, definition, synonyms, number and types of Sira, Dhamni and Srotas,  anatomical difference among Sira, Dhamani and Srotas, description of Vedhya and Avedhya Siras (Unpuncturable & Puncturable Veins) and clinical importance of  Sira, Dhamni and Srotas.

 

PAPER -II

 

Marma Sharir Evam Sharir Pramana Vigyan

 

Derivation of the word marma and their features, characteristics and number of marma according to Sushrut.  Division of marma on structural basis (Rachna Bheda), shadangatvama (Regional), abhighataja (Prognostic) Classification. Types of vital organs according to Samhita. Knowledge of specific symptoms due to 'Marma abhighat.  Preventive measures of abnormalities due to Marma Viddha.  Importance of marma in Shalya.  Shroni Marma as per Charak and their proper knowledge. Detailed study of individual marmas.

 

PAPER-III

 

Garbhavakranti Aur Anuvanshiki Sharir Sahit Utak Vigyan

­

Etymology of Garbhavakranti Sharir, features of Shukra and Shonita, description of Bij, Bijbhag, Bijbhagavyav, Shagarbhodpadakbhav. The knowledge of symptoms  occurring in Ritumati, Sadhyah Grihita Garbha' and Asanna Prasavadi stages.

Knowledge of general and special Embryologycal development – individual and Systemic Embryological developmental anatomy. Knowledge of advancement in Anuvanshiki(Genetics) and Garbhaj vikar (Teratology).

 

PAPER - IV

 

Tantra Sharir Evam Antah Sravi Granthi Vigyaniya

 

Description of sensory organs (Eye, Ear, Nose, tounge and Skin) and their applied anatomy.

 

Description of Shamashru, Loma and Nakha.

 

Shat Chakra, location and significance in yoga. Description of Ida, Pingala, Sushumna nadi, vata nadi tantra (Nervous system).  Anatomy of Brain and spinal cord, peripheral Nervous system, and autonomous nervous system. Components of other nervous system.  Detailed study of Endocrinology.

Reference Books

 

1.        Related Matters of Brihatrayee and laghu trayee

2.        Pratyaksha Shariram                               —gananath Sen

3.        Abhinava Shariram                                 —Damodar Sharma Gaur

4.        Parishadyam SabdarthaShariram              —Damodara Sharma Gaur

5.        Brihat Shariram                                       –Varirar

6.        Shiva Samhita

 

 


4. KRIYA SHARIR

PAPER-I

 

Deha Kriya Vigyan Sahitam Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyaniyam

 

1.   Dosha dhatu mala mulam hi shariram. Tatra shariram nama chetanadhishtanabhutam. Panchamahabhuta vikara samudayatmakam samayogavahi

 

Physiological study of Human body as a composite of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala

Different levels of organization of human body: Cell – Tissue – Organ – System; mechanism of Homeostasis. Cell physiology, Membrane physiologyand Membrane Potentials.

 

2.   Dosha dhatu malanam guna karma sthana prakara dhatutwa panchabhautikatwa nirupanam

 

Properties, functions, locations and types of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala, their Panchabhautika composition and their function as Dhatu in their normal state. Basic classification of tissues- Epithelial tissue, Muscular tissue, Connective tissue and Nervous tissue and their functions.

 

3.   Dosha dhatu malanam vrudhi kshaya karani lingani cha

 

Causes and features of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Dosha, Dhatu and Malas.

 

4.   Dhatu paka, dhatupake tatposhane cha agni (jatharagni, bhutagni, dhatwagni) srotasam karma vivechanam agni vivekaha, aharapaka vivechanam.

 

Study of physiological function of Jatharagni, Bhutagni and Dhatvagni

Basic biochemistry digestion absorption and metabolism of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, nucleic acids, minerals and water.

 

5.   Srotovivekaha srotasam swarupam lakshana samkhya prakaradinam samyak gyanam

 

Physiological and clinical significance of Srotamsi, their properties, features, number and types.

 

6.   Mutra purisha  swedadi malanam nirmana karma utsarga vivechanam

 

Mechanisms of formation of urine, feces and sweat, their functions and mechanisms of excretion according to ayurveda and modern science.

 

7.   Ojo nirupanam

 

Conceptual study of ojas. Physiological and clinical importance of Ojas. Description of Immunit and its types - Innate, acquired and artificial. Mechanisms involved in Cellular (T-cell mediated) and humoral (B-cell mediated) immunity, hypersensitivity, allergy and autoimmunity.

 

8.   Siddhantnam kriyashariropayogi vyavaharikam gyanam navyamatena vividha jivabhautika – jivarasayanika

 

Study of recent advances in the understanding of different biophysical and biochemical mechanisms involved in physiology and their correlation with Ayurvedic fundamentals.

Basics of Biophysics and Biochemistry. Effect of Physical Agents on living system: Ultrasound, aviation and space physiology, deep sea physiology, Hypergravics and hypogravics, Hyperbarics. Filteration, diffusion, osmosis, ultrafiltration, surface tension and adsorption, colloid, acid-base and pH buffers rιduction oxydation reactions

 

9.   Shatkriyakala varnanam tatha chikitsiya mahatwam cha

 

    Physiological and clinical study of Kriyakala and their significance.

 

10. Introductory Study of Kriya Sharir in relation to environment.

 

 

PAPER -II

 

Prakriti Satva Saradi Vigyaniyam

 

1.   Prakritidyanasaya mahatvam

 

Physiological study of Deha and Manas Prakriti. Classification and features of different types of Prakriti. Concept of somatotypes, psychological traits; classification of personality according to views of different scholars, application of the concept of personality in modern psychology.

 

2.   Sharirika evam manasika doshanam parasparika sambandha

 

Psychosomatic and somato-psychological effects, Ayurvedic and Modern methods of determination of Prakriti of an individual

 

3.   Satva – Sara – Samhanana – Pramana – Satmya – Aharashakti – Vyayamashakti – Vaya

 

Ityesham bhavanam bhedopadeyata purassaram samyak gyanam Conceptual study and physiological, clinical significance of assessment of Satva – Sara – Samhanana – Pramana – Satmya – Aharashakti – Vyayamashakti – Vaya  and description of modern and ayurvedic methods to assess these factors

 

4.   Manasa swarupam sthana vishaya karma tasya guna – gyanotpatii – nidra swapnotpatti

 

Physiological study of Manas – its properties, locations, objects, functions and mechanism of gyanotpatti, Physiology of sleep and dreams, physiology of cognitive processes.

 

5.   Ayurvedasammata atmanah tasya astitvam lakshanam cha

 

Conceptual study of atma – consciousness – and its features.

 

6.    Pramanavinischayasya navyavidhinam parichayah

 

Modern methods to quantitatively assess various body components; Development of possible objective parameters of assessing body components Introduction to modern anthropometry and its co-relation with Ayurvedic Pramana study

 

PAPER - III

 

Koshthanga Kriya Shariram

 

1.   Koshtanganam  yakrit hridaya phuphusa plihadi avayavanam kriya vivechanam

 

Ayurvedic and Modern Physiological study, embryological development, histology and functional importance of different visceras like liver, heart, lungs, spleen etc.

 

Physiology, histology and functional anatomy of Gastro-intestinal tract, descriptive physiology of digestion and absorption in Gastro-intestinal tract, mechanism of secretion and composition of digestive juices, metabolic, secretory, vascular, and other functions of liver, functions of spleen and pancreas.

 

Physiology, histology and functional anatomy of cardiovascular system. Properties of cardiac muscles, cardiac cycle, cardiac output, venous return, Blood pressure and its control. Hypertension, Heart rate and its regulation. Physiological basis of ECG, Hemodynamics.

 

Physiology, histology and functional anatomy of respiratory system, define ventilation, mechanism of respiration, gaseous exchange, transportation of gases, control of respiration, hypoxia, dyspnoea, artificial respiration, applied physiology of respiration.

 

Physiology of male and female reproductive system.

 

Foetal and neonatal physiology.

 

2.   Prachya – navyamata samanvaya paraspara tantrika gyanendriya vigyanam

 

(Ayurvedic and modern views on physiology of nervous system including physiology of special senses)

Physiology of nervous system. Functioning and regulation of central nervous system. Physiology of autonomic nervous system and somatic nervous system. Physiology of special senses and general senses. Functions of the cerebellum, brainstem and spinal cord. Functional significance of cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, limbic system, pyramidal system and extra pyramidal system. Physiology of learning and motivation, long term and short term memory, human behaviour.

 

3.   Nisrota granthimnam nama swarupa, karma, antahsravadinam vishesha gyanam – antahsravigranthinam antahsrava tesham sharirvayaveshu prabhavaha

 

Physiological study of Endocrinology. Enumeration of endocrine glands their nomenclature, properties and secretions. Study of various physiological effects of hormones on different systems.

 

4.   Recent advance in the understanding of neuro – immuno – endocrinology.

5.   Introduction to sports physiology

6.   Introduction to fetal and neonatal physiology

 

PAPER- IV

 

Prayogik  Kriya Sharir

 

  1. Sharirbhavanam upadhatu maladinam prayoga sharir parikshana vigyanam

Modern laboratory and ayurvedic and clinical methods to assess the functional mechanism of dosha, dhatu, mala and other factors.

  1. Mamsa – peshi – nadi – hridayadi anga avayavanam karmanam prayogik parikshan (experiments/ records to demonstrate nerve muscle physiology, arterial pulse, cardiac muscles and others).
  2. Clinical examination of different systems in human body
  3. Physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine, determination of specific gravity and reaction. Detection of glucose, ketone bodies, proteins, bile salts, bile pigments and occult blood in urine.
  4. Study of different types of microscopes and their care and use. Preparation of peripheral blood smear. Identification of RBC, WBC, platelets. Methods of total WBC count, total RBC count, ESR, differential WBC count, absolute eosinophil count, reticulocyte count and platelet count.
  5. Estimation of haemoglobin concentration in the blood, Blood groups, bleeding and clotting time, haematocrit value and red cell indices.
  6. Practical knowledge of care and usage of equipments like stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, haemoglobinometer, haemocytometer, spirometer, kymograph, thermometer etc.
  7. Methods of estimating blood sugar, serum lipids, serum protein, serum creatinine, serum cholesterol and blood urea.
  8. Physico – chemical techniques and principles of associated instruments – centrifuge, chemical, physical, electronic balance, pH meter, spectrophotometer and calorimetesr, radioactive counters and use of radio isotopes. Transducers, oscilloscopes, recording of bio-potentials: EEG, EKG and EMG, magnetocardiography, physiograph USG, MRI etc.

 

Requirements to be fulfilled by MD (Ay) Students during the period of 3 years

 

  1. Engaging at least 25 theory classes for First Prof. BAMS students in the presence of teachers as a part of training in Teaching Methodology.
  2. Presentation of at least 20 seminars in the department with submission of full PAPERs of all presentations and submission of Power Point Presentations of at least 5 seminars.
  3. Appearing in at least 6 assessments at departmental level in theory and practical.
  4. Participation and presentation of PAPERs in at least 2 National / International Seminars.
  5. Publication/ communication of at least 1 research PAPER and 1 Article in journal/magazine.

 

Reference Books

1. Relevent parts of Charak, Sushrut and Vagbhata

2. Ayurvediya Kriyasharir                    - Ranjit rai Desai

3. Dehadhatvagni Vigyan                     - Pt. Haridatt Sastri

4. Kayachikitsa Parichaya                    - C. Dwarkanath 

5. Prakrit Agni Vigyan                         - C. Dwarkanath 

6. Prakrit Dosha Vigyan                       - Acharya Niranjan Dev

7. Sharir Kriya Vigyan                                 -Shiv Charan Dhyani

8. Sharir Kriya Vigyanasya Adhunik Grantha


5. DRAVYAGUNA VIGYAN

PAPER-I

 

Namarupa Vigyan

 

1.   Dravya and its classification, importance of Namagyana of Dravya, origin of Namaraupagyana of Ouadsadhi in the Vedas, study on etymological derivation of various names and synonyms of Oushadhas.

2.   Objective of Dravya-Rupagyana in relation with the Oushadhas. Sthula and Sukshuma description (Macroscopic and Microscopic study) of Oushadas.

3.   Study of synonyms of Oushadha/Ahara dravya mentioned in Vedic literature and in Bhava prakash and Rajnighantu.

4.   Analysis of Synonyms related to external morphology of medicinal plants

5.   Introduction to Pharmacognosy- following methods of classification of crude drugs-Morphological, Microscopical, Chemical, Taxonomical, Alphabetical, Pharmacological, Therapeutical, Chemotaxonomical etc.

6.   Brief knowledge regarding Nomenclature, Identification and Classification of drugs in Ayurveda based on Samhita and Nighantus.

7.   Organized and unorganized drugs and their methods of evaluation.

8.   Study of Distinguishing morphological characteristic features of important medicinal plants including following minimum 100 medicinal plants: -

 

 

1.           Ahiphena

2.       Agnimantha 

3.   Agaru

4.           Amalaki

5.       Apamarga

6.   Aragvadha

7.           Ardraka-shunthi

8.       Arjuna

9.   Arka

10.       Ashvagandha

11.      Ashvagola

12.  Asoka

13.        Ativisha

14.      Bakuchi

15.  Baladvayam

16.        Bharangi

17.      Bhallataka 

18.  Bibhitaka

19.        Bijaka/Vijayasara

20.      Bilva

21.  Brahmi

22.        Bringaraj

23.      Brihati

24.  Chandanadvaya

25.        Citraka

26.      Dadima

27.  Danti

28.        Daruharidra

29.      Dhanyaka

30.  Dhataki

31.        Draksha

32.      Durva

33.  Ela

34.        Eranda

35.      Gambhari

36.  Gokshura

37.        Guduchi

38.      Guggulu

39.  Haridra

40.        Haritaki

41.      Hingu

42.  Jambu

43.        Jatamamsi

44.      Jatiphal

45.  Jirakdvaya

46.        Jyotishmati

47.      Kalamegha

48.  Kampilla

49.        Kanchanara

50.      Kantakari

51.  Kapikacchu

52.        Karkatakshringi

53.      Karpura

54.  Katuki

55.        Khadira

56.      Kiratatikta

57.  Kumari

58.        Kupilu

59.      Kumkum kesara

60.  Kushmanda

61.         Lavang

62.      Kutaja

63.  Lodhra

64.        Madanaphala

65.      Manjishtha

66.  Maricha

67.        Markandika

68.      Musali

69.  Musta

70.        Nagakeshara

71.      Nimba

72.  Nirgundi

73.        Palasha

74.      Palandu

75.  Pashanabheda

76.        Patala

77.      Patola

78.  Pippali-pippalimula

79.        Punarnava

80.      Rasna

81.  Rasona

82.        Saireyaka

83.      Shallaki

84.  Saptaparna

85.        Sarpagandha

86.      Sariva

87.  Shalparni

88.        Shalmali

89.      Shankhapushpi

90.  Shatavari

91.        Shatapushpa

92.      Shigru

93.  Shirish

94.        Shyonaka

95.      Thalisa patra

96.  Tila

97.        Tivrit

98.      Tulasi

99.  Tvak

100.    Ushira

101.   Vacha

102.  Varuna

103.    Vasa

104.   Vata

105.  Vatsanabha

106.    Vidari

107.   Vidanga

108.  Yashtimadhu

109.        Yavani

110.  Deodaru

 

 

 

9.    

Drug research methods- Ayurvedic and conventional, process of Drug development.

10.         

Standardization of Crude Drugs as per Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) and WHO guidelines.

11.         

Cultivation, Collection, Storage and preparation for the market of ASU Drugs. Introduction to Good Agricultural practices (GAP), Good Field Collection Practices (G.F.c.P.), and Good Storage Practices (G.S.P.) etc.

12.         

Environmental (Desha, kala, Ritu etc), Genetic and Gender factors affecting qualities of crude drugs.

13.         

Introduction of tissue culture techniques used for Ayurvedic Drugs.

14.         

Anukta dravya, (extra Pharmacopeal Drugs).

15.         

Controversial aspects of Ayurvedic Drugs.

16.         

Adulteration and substitutes of Crude drugs, and methods of detection of adulterants.

17.         

Knowledge of TKDL, IPR, Publications and related issues.

18.         

Introduction of Pharmacogenomics.

 

 

Practical                                                                           

 

1.   Field Identification of medicinal plants - At least three local Dravyaguna study tours within the state for field identification and one study tour should be organized out of state.

2.   Preparation of Minimum 50 herbarium sheets of the plants collected during study tour.

3.   Macroscopical, Organoleptic, and Microscopic evaluation of five different parts of plants including their powders.

4.   Extraction and phytochemical evaluation pertaining to TLC separation of various parts of plants (minimum five)

5.   Project- Quality assessment of market sample of crude Drugs. Three crude drugs report should be produced at the time of final practical examination.

 

              PAPER –II

 

Guna Karma Vigyan

 

1.   Fundamental principles of drug action both Ayurvedic and   modern perspective.

2.   Detailed study of rasa, guna, virya, vipaka and prabhava with their applied aspects, based on views of commentators like Chakrapanidatta, Dalhana, Arunadatta, Hemadri and Indu.

3.   Elaborate study of karmas mentioned in Brihatrayi- etimological derivation and definition along with examples

4.   Detailed study of Guna Karmas (Properties and Actions) and Review       of Research studies carried out on important Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants during 20th century including following minimum 110 plants.

 

1.   Ahiphena

2.       Agnimantha 

3.        Agaru

4.           Amalaki

5.       Apamarga

6.        Aragvadha

7.           Ardraka-shunthi

8.       Arjuna

9.        Arka

10.       Ashvagandha

11.      Ashvagola

12.  Asoka

13.        Ativisha

14.      Bakuchi

15.  Baladvayam

16.        Bharangi

17.      Bhallataka 

18.  Bibhitaka

19.        Bijaka/Vijayasara

20.      Bilva

21.  Brahmi

22.        Bringaraj

23.      Brihati

24.  Chandanadvaya

25.        Citraka

26.      Dadima

27.  Danti

28.        Daruharidra

29.      Dhanyaka

30.  Dhataki

31.        Draksha

32.      Durva

33.  Ela

34.        Eranda

35.      Gambhari

36.  Gokshura

37.        Guduchi

38.      Guggulu

39.  Haridra

40.        Haritaki

41.      Hingu

42.  Jambu

43.        Jatamamsi

44.      Jatiphal

45.  Jirakdvaya

46.        Jyotishmati

47.      Kalamegha

48.  Kampilla

49.        Kanchanara

50.      Kantakari

51.  Kapikacchu

52.        Karkatakshringi

53.      Karpura

54.  Katuki

55.        Khadira

56.      Kiratatikta

57.  Kumari

58.        Kupilu

59.      Kumkum kesara

60.  Kushmanda

61.         Lavang

62.      Kutaja

63.  Lodhra

64.        Madanaphala

65.      Manjishtha

66.  Maricha

67.        Markandika

68.      Musali

69.  Musta

70.        Nagakeshara

71.      Nimba

72.  Nirgundi

73.        Palasha

74.      Palandu

75.  Pashanabheda

76.        Patala

77.      Patola

78.  Pippali-           pippalimula

79.        Punarnava

80.      Rasna

81.  Rasona

82.        Saireyaka

83.      Shallaki

84.  Saptaparna

85.        Sarpagandha

86.      Sariva

87.  Shalparni

88.        Shalmali

89.      Shankhapushpi

90.  Shatavari

91.        Shatapushpa

92.      Shigru

93.  Shirish

94.        Shyonaka

95.      Thalisa patra

96.  Tila

97.        Tivrit

98.      Tulasi

99.  Tvak

100.    Ushira

101.   Vacha

102.  Varuna

103.    Vasa

104.   Vata

105.  Vatsanabha

106.    Vidari

107.   Vidanga

108.  Yashtimadhu

109.        Yavani

110.  Deodaru

 

 

 

5.   Detailed study of aharadravyas as per Bhavamishra, and a brief knowledge about contemporary food items.

6.   Introduction to general pharmacology.

7.   Knowledge on procedures, Equipments and instruments used in pharmacological evaluation.

8.   Toxicological and safety Evalution of Ayurvedic Drugs - Acute, subacute and chronic as well as specific toxicity studies.

9.   Introduction to experimental pharmocology with special reference to drug evaluation like analgesic, anti pyretic, anti inflammatory, anti diabetic, anti hypertensive, Anti lipidemic, anti ulcer,Anti microbial, Hepatoproective, Diuretics, Adaptogens, CNS activity etc.

 

Practical                                                                               

1.         Prepartion of minimum one Herbal Monogram- Not less than 50 pages (to be prepared in the first year and to be submitted before examination).

 

2.         Experimental/Clinical observations of Rasapanchaka like: - 

·         Taste threshold experiment (24 drugs-both ahara and oushadha dravyas)-

·         Exothermic and endothermic evaluation of 10 ushna virya and 10 shitaviraya drayvas.

3.         Observation of animal experimentation models (both in vitro and in vivo).

                            PAPER - III

 

Prayoga Vigyan

 

1.   Principles of drug administration and drug delivery regimen Bhaishajya Marga (routes of drug administration), Matra            (Dosage), Anupana (Vehicle), Sevenkala (Time of drug administration), Sevankal avadhi (duration of drug administration), Pathyapathyam (Do’s /Dont’s) Contraindication/Adverse drug reaction etc.

2.   Clinico-pharmacological evaluation/Amayic Prayoga (Therapeutic administration) of drugs which including following minimum 110 plants

 

111.    Ahiphena

112.       Agnimantha 

113.  Agaru

114.    Amalaki

115.       Apamarga

116.  Aragvadha

117.    Ardraka-shunthi

118.       Arjuna

119.  Arka

120.    Ashvagandha

121.   Ashvagola

122.  Asoka

123.    Ativisha

124.   Bakuchi

125.  Baladvayam

126.    Bharangi

127.   Bhallataka 

128.  Bibhitaka

129.    Bijaka/Vijayasara

130.   Bilva

131.  Brahmi

132.    Bringaraj

133.   Brihati

134.  Chandanadvaya

135.    Citraka

136.   Dadima

137.  Danti

138.    Daruharidra

139.   Dhanyaka

140.  Dhataki

141.    Draksha

142.   Durva

143.  Ela

144.    Eranda

145.   Gambhari

146.  Gokshura

147.    Guduchi

148.   Guggulu

149.  Haridra

150.    Haritaki

151.   Hingu

152.  Jambu

153.    Jatamamsi

154.   Jatiphal

155.  Jirakdvaya

156.    Jyotishmati

157.   Kalamegha

158.  Kampilla

159.    Kanchanara

160.   Kantakari

161.  Kapikacchu

162.    Karkatakshringi

163.   Karpura

164.  Katuki

165.    Khadira

166.   Kiratatikta

167.  Kumari

168.    Kupilu

169.   Kumkum kesara

170.  Kushmanda

171.     Lavang

172.   Kutaja

173.  Lodhra

174.    Madanaphala

175.   Manjishtha

176.  Maricha

177.    Markandika

178.   Musali

179.  Musta

180.    Nagakeshara

181.   Nimba

182.  Nirgundi

183.    Palasha

184.   Palandu

185.  Pashanabheda

186.    Patala

187.   Patola

188.  Pippali-           pippalimula

189.    Punarnava

190.   Rasna

191.  Rasona

192.    Saireyaka

193.   Shallaki

194.  Saptaparna

195.    Sarpagandha

196.   Sariva

197.  Shalparni

198.    Shalmali

199.   Shankhapushpi

200.  Shatavari

201.    Shatapushpa

202.   Shigru

203.  Shirish

204.    Shyonaka

205.   Thalisa patra

206.  Tila

207.    Tivrit

208.   Tulasi

209.  Tvak

210.    Ushira

211.   Vacha

212.  Varuna

213.    Vasa

214.   Vata

215.  Vatsanabha

216.    Vidari

217.   Vidanga

218.  Yashtimadhu

219.        Yavani

220.  Deodaru

 

 

3.   Consideration of Samyoga-Virodha (Drug incompatibility).

4.   Principles of clinical pharmacology.

5.   Introduction to reverse pharmacology.

6.    Knowledge about Pharmaco vigilance (ADR) in Ayurveda and conventional system of medicine.

7.   Clinical trial - stages of clinical drug Research as per GCP guidelines, protocol designing, clinical Research & data management.

8.   Bioethics in Clinical Research.

9.   Introduction of Pharmaco epidemiology/observational study 

 

Practical

 

1.   Pharmaco epidemiology/observational study- minimum one drug.

2.   Survey of Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) in prescribed format of national pharmacovigilanc programme of ASU Drugs (minimum 3).

3.   Regular clinical training in the hospital for submission of Ekala Aushadhi Prayoga (Single drugs trial/ clinicopharmocological studies) (Minimum 20).

 

PAPER- IV

 

Nighantu Parichaya-Yogavigyanam

 

1.   History of Dravyaguna.

2.   Uptodate knowledge of literature of Dravyaguna- upto recent editions   of medicinal plant database etc.

3.   Utility of Nighantu. Salient features of the following Nighantus (including following nighantus) with authors, name and period - 

Paryaya ratnamala, Soushruta nighantu, Dhanvantari nighantu, Hridayadipika nighantu, Ashtang nighantu , Bhavaprakasha nighantu, Siddhamantra nighantu, Madhanapala nighantu, Rajavallabha nighantu, Madhava Dravyaguna, Kaiyadeva nighantu, Shodhala nighantu, Chamatkari nighantu, Saligram nighantu, Nighantu adharsha, Nighantu ratnakara,      Priya nighantu and other contemporary works.             

4.   Importance and principles of formulations as per Ayurveda.

5.   Introduction to relevant portions of Drugs and cosmetic act, Magic remedies Act, Intellectual Property Right (IPR) and publication issues, Regulations pertaining Import and Export of Drugs.

6.   Good Manufacturing practices (GMP).

7.   Quality control procedures of formulations prescribed by Drug Regulatory Authorities.

8.   General awareness about Neutraceuticals, Cosmoceuticals, food addictives, Excipients etc.

9.   Detailed study of five formulations/Yogas from each kalpana of crude drugs delineated in Sharangadhara samhita and Ayurvedic formulary of India (AFI).

10. Knowledge about herbal extracts, colours, flavours and preservatives.

11. Standardization of various Ayurvedic kalpana eg- Churna, Vati, Avaleha, Siddha Sneha, Asava Arishta etc.

 

 

 

Practical

 

1.   Shodhana methods of Visha dravyas.

2.   Preparations of two yoga from each kalpana of Ayurvedic formulary of India.

3.   Microscopical evaluation of certain churna formulation e.g. Sitopaladi, Hingvashtak, Trikapu, Triphala etc.

4.   Chemical evaluation of Asavas & Arishtas.

 

Dessertation

 

A Dissertation containing any aspects pertaining to drug identity, purity, quality, safety, and efficacy (experimental/ clinical study) etc. should be prepared under the guidance of approved supervisor in Dravyaguna and submitted 3 months before the final examination.

 

A certificate endorsed by scholer and supervisor should be submitted regarding original study.

 

The approval of Dissertation shall be essential before appearing the final examinations.

 

Reference Books

 

1.   Rigvedasya Aushadhi Suktam                   – Sayana Bhashya Sahitam

2.   Relevent parts of Charak, Sushrut and Vagbhata

3.   Dravyaguna Vigyanam                            – Yadavji Trikamji Acharya

4.   Dravyaguna Vigyanam                            – Acharya Priyavrat Sharma

5.   Aushadhiguna Vigyanam                              - Pt. Vishwanath Dwivedi

6.   Kriyatmak Aushadh Parichaya Vigyan                    - Pt. Vishwanath Dwivedi

7.   Dhanwantri Nighantu Rajnighantu Sahit

8.   Sharangdhar Samhita

9.   Yogaratnakar

10. Aushadhgunadharma Shastra               – Pt. Gangadhar Shastri Gune

11. Modern Texts Related to Dravyaguna Vigyan

 

 

 


6. RASA SHASTRA

PAPER-I

 

Adharabhuta Siddhant, Rasa Chikitsa and Pharmacy Management

 

PART-A 

 

Adharabhuta Siddhant and Rasa Chikitsa

 

1.   History and Chronological evaluation of Rasa shastra, Concept of Raseshwar darshan  and study of Rasa granthas with special emphasis on Rasarnava, Rasahridaya tantra, Rasa Ratna Samucchaya, Sharngadhara Samhita, Rasendra Chintamani, Rasa Ratnakar, Rasadhyaya, Rasa Kamdhenu, Anandkanda, Ayurveda Prakash, Bhavaprakash, Rasatarangini and Relevant portions of Brihatrayi

2.   Concept of Rasamandapa and establishment of Rasashala in accordance with GMP.

a.      

3.   Fundamental Principles of Rasashastra  and Bhaisajya kalpana including principles of designing different formulations with reference to Samslesha Vishleha and other principles.

4.   Study of ancient and metric systems of weights and measures including Kala mana with their correlation.

5.   Technical terminologies (Paribhasha) used in Rasa shastra and Bhaishajya kalpana.

6.   Concept of Kshetrikaran, Importance of association of Rasa with Loha and Rasa-abhraka with loha (Rasyoga and Rasabhrayog), Study of Kramana(Anupana) yoga as described in Rasa Ratnakar, Rasayan khanda and Ananda kand, Study of  Ashuddha, Apakva, Avidhi sevita Rasa dravya sevana dosha and its management. Concept of lohajirna and Rasajirna.

 

                                         PART - B 

Pharmacy Management

1.   Management of Pharmacy, Store and Inventory Management, Personnel Management, Good Manufacturing Practices related to Ayurvedic Drug Industry.

2.   Marketing Pharmaceutical Services

3.   Product Release and Withdrawals

4.   Community Pharmacy

5.   Laws Governing Pharmacy

a)   Relevant regulatory provisions of Ayurvedic drugs in Drug and Cosmetic Act 1940 and Rules 1945

b)   Laws pertaining to Drugs and Magic remedies (objectionable advertisement) Act-1954.

c)   Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) act.

d)   Laws pertaining to Narcotics

e)   Factory and Pharmacy Acts

f)    Consumer Protection Act -1986

6.   Regulatory Affairs related to International Trade and Practices of Ayurvedic Drugs.

7.   Introduction to Ayurvedic Pharmacoepia of India, Ayurvedic Formulary of India.

8.   Introduction to Indian Pharmacoepia, British and United States Pharmacoepia, Pharamcoepial Codex.

9.   Introduction to Traditional Knowledge Digital Library

 

PAPER-II

Aushadh Prasamsaskaran evam Rasa  dravya Vigyan

                                       

PART-A

 

Aushadh  Prasamsaskaran dravya Vigyan

 

1.   Detailed knowledge of ancient and contemporary Yantropakarana and their accessories used in Aushadhikaran and their contemporary modification such as yantras, mushas, putas, Koshthis, Bhrashtris, Muffle furnaces and other heating appliances, ovens, driers etc. used in manufacturing of Rasaushadhis in small scale and large scale along with their applications.

2.   Study of Samskara, definition, types and its effect on Physico- chemical and Therapeutic properties of Samskararha dravya.
Role of Agni (Heat), Jala and other dravas (Water and other processing liquids), Kala (Time span), Patra (Container) and other processing materials and their significance in Aushadhikaran.

3.   Detailed Knowledge of Shodhana with special emphasis on Shodhan dravya, instrumentation and processing techniques in relation to Shodhya dravya.

4.   Study of Mardana and its significance in Aushadhikaran. Concept of Bhavana, detailed knowledge of ancient and contemporary grinding and trituration techniques.

5.   Concept of Puta, definition, types and specifications of different Putas. Significance of different Putas in relation to Bhasmikaran and therapeutic efficacy of dravya under process. Bhasma pariksha vidhi and its significance in relation to contemporary testing procedures

6.   Detailed Knowledge of Marana, with special emphasis on Marak dravya, Instrumentation, Processing technique in relation to Martya Dravya.

7.   Detailed knowledge of Amritikaran and Lohitikaran and its significance in preparation of Bhasma with reference to dravya under process.

8.   Detailed knowledge of Satvapatan; Shodhan, Mridukaran and Maran of Satva, its significance, in relation to therapeutic efficacy of dravya under process.

9.   Detailed knowledge of Druti, its processing and its significance in relation to therapeutic efficacy.

10.        Concept of Jarana, Moorcchana, Bandhan, Pakshaccheda and Maran in relation to Parad.

                                               

PART –B

Rasa dravya Vigyan

1.    Detailed ancient and contemporary knowledge of Parada and its compounds with reference to Source, Occurrence, availability, Physico-chemical characterization, Grahya Agrahyatva, Shodhan maranadi vidhi, Therapeutic Properties and uses.

2.    Detailed  ancient & contemporary knowledge with Geochemical/mineralogical/Biological identification, source, occurrence, availability, physico-chemical characterization, grahya-agrahyatva, Shodhan Maranadi Vidhi and Therapeutic properties and uses of dravyas included in Maharasa, Uparasa, Sadharana rasa, Dhatu, Upadhatu, Ratna, Uparatna, Visha, Upavisha, Sudha varga, Lavan varga, Kshar Varga and other varga used in Rasashastra.

3.    Detailed knowledge of Standard Operating Procedure of manufacturing, Standardization, Quality control, Storage, therapeutic efficacy, Mechanism of action, Dose, Anupan and Method of administration of following Bhasma and pishti viz:

Bhasma - Abraka Bhasma, Svarnamakshika Bhasma, Kasis Bhasma, Svarna Bhasma, Rajat Bhasma, Tamra Bhasma, Loha Bhasma, Mandur Bhasma, Naga Bhasma, Vanga Bhasma,Yashad Bhasma, Trivanga Bhasma, Pittal, Kamsya and Varthaloha Bhasma,  Shankha Bhasma, Shukti Bhasma, Kapardika Bhasma, Godanti Bhasma, Praval Bhasma, Mrigashringa Bhasma, Mayurpiccha Bhasma, Kukkutand twaka Bhasma, Hiraka Bhasma, Manikya Bhasma.

 

Pishti - Praval pishti, Manikya Pishti, Mukta Pishti, Jahara mohara pishti, Trinakanta mani pishti.

 

4.   Principles of Aushadhi Path Samyojan, Standard Operating Procedure of Preparation, Quality Control, Storage and Stability  of  Kharaliya, Parpati, Kupipakwa and Pottali Kalpa.

PAPER- III

 

Aushadha Yoga Vigyan

 

PART- A

Rasa Yoga Vigyan

 

 Detailed knowledge of Aushadhi Patha Samyojan, Therapeutic efficacy, Mechanism of action, Dose, Anupan and Method of administration of following Aushadhi Yogas

                 

1. Kharaliya Yoga

Shwasakuthara Rasa, Tribhuvanakirti Rasa, Higuleshwara Rasa, Anandabhairava Rasa, MahaLakshmivilasa Rasa, Vasnathakusumakara   Rasa, Vasantamalti Rasa, Bhrihatvata chintamani Rasa, Laghusutashekhar Rasa, Sutashekhar Rasa, Ramban Rasa, Chandrakala Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Hridyarnava rasa, Grahanikapata Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Jalodarari Rasa, Mrityunjaya Rasa, Madhumalini vasanta Rasa, Arshakuthara Rasa, Krimimudgara Rasa, Suchikabharana Rasa, Trinetra Rasa, Smrutisagara Rasa, Vatagajankusha Rasa, Agnikumar Rasa, Ekangavir Rasa, Kamadudha Rasa, Purnachandrodaya Rasa, Prataplankeshwara Rasa, Mahavata vidhwansaka Rasa, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Ashwakanchuki Rasa, Gulmakuthara Rasa, Mahajwarankusha Rasa, Chandramrita Rasa, Kaphaketu Rasa, Prabhakara Vati, Pravala Panchamrita, Gandhaka Rasayana, Chaturbhuj rasa, Navajivan rasa, Shonitargal rasa, Raktapitta kulakandan rasa, Amavatari Rasa, Kravyada Rasa, Garbhachintamani Rasa, Chintamani Rasa, Trilokyachintamani Rasa, Pradarantaka Rasa, Vangeshwara Rasa, Brihatvangeshwara Rasa, Shwasakasa Chintamani Rasa, Smritisagar Rasa, Arogyavardhini Vati, Chandraprabha Vati, Agnitundi vati, Shankha Vati.

                                      

2. Loha Kalpa

Ayaskriti, Loha Rasayana, Amlapittantaka loha, Chandanadi loha, Dhatri loha, Navayasa loha, Putapakva vishamajwarantaka loha, Shilajatwadi loha, Tapyadi loha, Saptamrita loha, Amlapittantaka loha, Chandanadi loha, Dhatri loha, Punarnava Mandura, Amritasara Loha, Shankaramat loha, Pradarantaka loha, Rohitaka loha.

 

3. Kupipakva Yoga

Rasa Sindura, Makaradhwaja, Sidhamakaradhwaja, Samirapannaga Swarnavanga, Malla sindura, Rasa karpura, Rasa pushpa, Manikya Rasa.

 

4. Parpati Yoga    

Rasa Parpati, Loha Parpati, Tamra Parpati, Suwarna Parpati, Gagana Parpati, Vijay Parpati, Panchamrit Parpati, Shwet Parpati, Bola Parpati .

 

5. Pottali Yoga

Rasagarbhapottali, Hemagarbhapottali, Mallagarbha pottali,  pottali, Hiranyagarbha pottali, Shankagarbha pottali, Lokanatha rasa, Mriganka Pottali.

 

PART –B

Bhaishajya Yoga Vigyan

 

Detailed knowledge of Aushadhi Path Samyojan, Therapeutic efficacy, Mechanism of action, Dose, Anupan and Method of administration of following Aushadhi Yogas:                 

1. Panchavidha Kashayas and their Upakalpa

Ardraka swarasa, Tulasi swarasa, Vasa putapaka swarasa, Nimba kalka, Rasona kalka, Kulattha Kwath, Punarnavasthaka kwatha, Rasna saptaka kwatha, Dhanyak hima, Sarivadi hima, Panchakola phanta, Mustadi pramathya, Kharjuradi mantha, Shadanga paniya, Laksha rasa, Ajamoda arka, Yavanyadi arka, Chincha panaka, Candana panaka, Banapsha sharkara, Nimbu sarkara, Darvi rasakriya, Amrita satva, Ardraka satva, Arjuna kshirapaka, Rasona kshirapaka,

 

Pathya Kalpana

 Yavagu, (Krita and Akrita), Ashtaguna manda, Laja manda, Peya, Vilepi, Krishara, Yusha,  Mudga yusha, Kulattha yusha, Saptamushtika yusha, Khad, Kambalika, Raga, Shadava Mamsarasa, Veshavara,  Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhacchika, Dadhi, Tandulodaka, Neutraceuticals and Food Supplements

2. Churna

 

Sitopaladi Churna, Talisadi Churna, Triphala Churna, Hingvashtaka Churna, Yashtimadhu Churna, Avipattikara Churna, Swadishta Virechana Churna, Trimada Virechana Churna,

Lavana Bhaskar Churna, Sudarshana Churna, MahaSudarshana Churna, Gandharva Haritaki Churna, Navayasa Churna, Pushyanuga Churna, Ajamodadi Churna, Hingvadi Churna, Eladi Churna, Dadimashtaka Churna, Trikatu Churna, Vaishwanara Churna

 

3. Gutika

Arogya vardhani vati, Chandraprabha vati, Chitrakadi Gutika,, Sanjivani Vati, Lasunadi vati, Lavangadi Vati, Vyoshadi vati, Khadiradi Vati,  Kankayan Vati, Abhayadi modak, Marichyadi gutika, Amalakyadi gutika, Samshamini Vati, Kutaja Ghana vati

4. Guggulu

Yogaraja Guggulu, Maha yogaraja Guggulu, Trayodashanga Guggulu, Kanchanara Guggulu, Rasnadi Guggulu, Triphala Guggulu, Simhanada Guggulu, Gokshuradi Guggulu, Kaishora Guggulu, Panchatikta Guggulu, Amritadi Guggulu, Vatari Guggulu, Lakshadi Guggulu, Abha Guggulu

                                               

5. Snehapaka

           

Sneha Moorchhana - Ghrita Murchana, Taila Murchhana

 

Siddha Ghrita-  Shatavari Ghrita, Jatyadi Ghrita, Phala Ghrita, Dadimadi Ghrita, Kshira Shatpala Ghrita, Triphala Ghrita, Dhanvantri Ghrita, Amritaprasha Ghrita, Kalyanaka Ghrita, Brahmi Ghrita, Changeri Ghrita, Panchatikta Ghrita, Sukumara Ghrita

           

Siddha Taila - Maha Narayana Taila, Maha Masha Taila, Bala Taila, Nirgundi Taila, Shadbindu Taila, Vishagarbha Taila, Sahacharadi Taila, Jatyadi Taila, Apamarga Kshara Taila,Tuvaraka Taila, Kshirabala Taila, Lakshadi Taila, Anu Taila, KumKumadi Taila, Hingutriguna Taila, Kottumchukadi Taila, Prasarinyadi Taila, Dhanwantari Taila, Balashwagandhadi Taila, Balaguduchyadi Taila, Nilibhringyadi Taila,  Brihadavadi Taila, Irimedadi Taila, Chandanadi Taila, Panchaguna taila, Arka taila

 

6. Avaleha

Vasa Avaleha, Brahma rasayana, Chyavanprasha Avaleha, Kushmanda Avaleha, Vyagri Haritaki Avaleha, Dadima Avaleha, Bilvadi Avaleha, Kantakaryavaleha, Haridra Khanda, Narikela khanda, Saubhagya shunthi paka.

 

7.   Sandhan Kalpa

 

Shukta- Ikshu shukta, Tushambu, Kanjik, Sandaki

                       

Madya - Sura, Shidhu, Varuni

           

Asava Arishta - Lodhrasava, Kumaryasava, Ushirasava, Chandanasava, Kanakasava, Sarivadyasava, Pippalyasava, Lohasava, Vasakasava, Kutajarishta, Draksharishta, Raktamitrarka, Dashamularishta, Abhayarishta, Amritarishta, Ashokarishta, Sarasvatarishta, Arjunarishta, Khadirarishta, Ashwagandha Arishta, Vidangarishta, Takrarishta.

 

8. Miscellaneous - Phala varti, Chandrodaya varti, Arka lavana, Narikela lavana, Triphala masi, Apamarga kshara, Snuhi kshara, Ksharasutra, Atasi upanaha, Sarjarasa malahara, Gandhaka malahara,Sinduradi Malahar, Shatadhouta Ghrita, Sahasra Dhouta Ghrita, Sikta taila, Dashanga lepa, Doshaghna lepa,  Bhallataka taila, Jyotishmati Taila, Bakuchi Taila, Dashanga dhupa, Arshoghna dhupa, Nishadi Netra bindu, Madhutailika Basti, Sneha Basti, Matra Basti, Yoga Basti, Karma Basti, Kala Basti.

 

PAPER -IV

Pharmaceutical Science

PART- A

Pharmaceutical technology

 

1.    

Scope and Evolution of Pharmacy

2.    

Information Resources in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science

3.    

Posology

4.    

Colloidal and Coarse dispersion and Pharmaceutical Rheology

5.    

Preformulation

6.    

Separation

7.    

Principles of Distillation, Methods of Extraction, Infusion, Decoction, Maceration, Percolation and Fusion.

8.    

Sterilization & Sterile products, Ophthalmic and Parenteral Preparations 

9.    

Preservation and stabilization of pharmaceutical products

10.         

Drying, Open and Closed Air drying, Freeze drying, Vacuum drying and other drying methods

11.         

Pharmaceutical Excipients

12.         

Oral Solid Dosage Forms, Powder,   Size reduction & size separations,    Principles of mixing Micrometrics- Methods of determination of particle size, shape & Surface area, Methods of compression & Consolidation of powder solids, Tablets, Sustained release dosage forms, Suppositories & Pessaries, Capsules- Hard capsules & soft gelatin capsules & micro encapsulation

13.         

Semisolid Dosage Forms Emulsion, Suspensions and Extracts

14.         

Liquids - Solution, Solubility Phenomenon, Diffusion & Dissolution, pH, Buffers & Isotonic solutions, Clarification & Filtration: Techniques of filtration & Centrifugation, Syrup, Elixirs

15.         

Pharmaceutical aerosols

16.         

Topical drugs and Cosmetics

17.         

Packaging Materials and Labeling

18.         

Standardization of Raw material, In process Material and Finished Product

PART – B

 

Pharmacology & Toxicology

 

Pharmacology

 

1. Principles of Pharmacology

Pharmcodynamics & Pharmacokinetics: Absorption, distribution, mechanism of action & Excretion, Dose response relationship, structure activity relationship

  1. Routes of administration of drug
  2. Factors modifying drug effect, Drug interactions, Adverse drug reaction and Drug toxicity
  3. Detailed Knowledge of Pharmacovigilance – National and International Scenario. Pharmacovigillance of Ayurvedic Drugs

    Clinical pharmacology: Preclinical & clinical evaluation,         Bioavailability and Bioequivalence

 

Toxicology

 

1.   Principles of Toxicology

2.   Toxicology of Metallic, Mineral, Plant & Animal products

     General principles of Management of Acute and Chronic Toxicity

   

Practicals

                                               

Minimum 150 practicals to be performed covering all the dosage forms. Educational Visits to minimum Five(5) GMP approved Ayurvedic Pharmacies

 

Ten days posting in R&D / Production unit in Ayurvedic Pharmacy.

 

Reference Books

1.           Rasendra Chintamani

2.           Rasakamadhenu

3.           Rasaratna Samucchaya

4.           Anand Kanda

5.           Rasarnava

6.           Bharatiya Rasashastra                                 - Vishvanath Dwivedi 

7.           Rasa – Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyan                            - Santosh Khandal

8.           Modern texts related to Rasashastra

9.           Rasahridaya tantra

10.        Rasa Ratnakar

11.        Arka Prakash

12.        Rasatarangini

13.        Rasajala Nidhi

14.        Kupipakwa Rasayana                                           – Harisharananand

15.       Parad Vigyaneeyam                 – Vasudeva Moolashankar Dvivedi

16.       Rasaadhyaya

17.        Rasa Chandanshu

18.        Chakradatta                                   – Ratnaprabha commentary

19.        Gada Nigraha

20.        Vangasena

21.        Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradeepa

22.        Rsayoga Sagara

23.        Bhasma Vigyan                                           – Harisharananand

24.        Ratna Dhatu Vigyan                             – Badrinarayana Shastri

25.        Remington: Science and Practice of Pharmacy

26.        Industrial Pharmacy                                                  – Lackma

27.        Text Book of Phrmacology                      – Goodman and Gilman

28.        Dana’s Text Book of Minerology

29.        Quality Control of Ayurvedic Drugs            – PLIM, Gaziabad publication

30.        Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia of India

31.        Ayurvedic Formulary of India

32.        Indian Pharmacopeia

33.        British Pharmacopeia

34.        United States Pharmacopeia

35.        Pharmacopeia Codex

36.        Current Good Manufacturing Practices

37.        Drugs and Cosmetic Act 1940 and Rules 1945

38.        Drugs and Magic remedies (Objectionable advertisement) Act-1954

39.        Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) act

40.        Laws pertaining to Narcotics

41.        Factory and Pharmacy Acts

42.        Consumer Protection Act -1986

43.        History of Hindu Chemistry                                        – P. C. Roy

44.        Ayurvedeeya Shodhan Vidhi                –Dhootpapeswar Publication

45.        Siddha Yoga Samgriha                                –Yadavaji Trikamji Acharya

46.        Rasamritam                                       - Yadavaji Trikamji Acharya

47.        Dravyaguna Vijnan Pat-1 and 2             - Yadavji Trikamji Acharya

48.        Dravyaguna                                – Chakradatta CCRAS Publication

49.        Sahasrayoga

50.       Rasa-tantra sara evam Siddha prayoga Sangriha       – Krishnagopal Kaleda publication

 


7. BHAISHAJYA KALPANA

                                                     PAPER-I

 

Adharabhuta Siddhant and Pharmacy Management

 

PART-A 

Adharabhuta Siddhant

 

1.   Concept of Bheshaja and Kalpana, difference between Aushadh and Bheshaj, History and Chronological evaluation of Bhaishajya kalpana. Knowledge about classical texts related to Bhaishajya kalpana with special emphasis on Bruhatrayi, Sharangdhar Samhita, Chakradatta, Bheshaj Kalpa, Bhaishajya Ratnavali, Bhava Prakash Nighantu, Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradipa,

2.   Fundamental Principles of Bhaishajya kalpana and Rasa shastra including principles of designing different formulations with reference to Samslesha Vishleha and other principles.

3.   Study of ancient and metric systems of weights and measures including Kala mana with their correlation.

4.   Technical terminologies (Paribhasha) used in Bhaishajya kalpana and Rasa shastra

5.   Collection, Storage and Preservation methods of different Fresh and Dry Aushadhi dravyas, their Grahya Agrahyatva

6.   Detailed knowledge of  Dose, Anupana, Aushadha sevan kala and Route of Drug Administration

7.   Ancient view of Aushadha nirmana shala and Ayurvedic pharmacy in accordance with GMP.

 

PART- B

Pharmacy Management

1. Management of Pharmacy, Store and Inventory Management, Personnel Management, Good Manufacturing Practices related to Ayurvedic Drug Industry.

a)   Marketing Pharmaceutical Services

b)   Product Release and Withdrawals

c)   Community Pharmacy

d)   Laws Governing Pharmacy

 

  1. Relevant regulatory provisions of Ayurvedic drugs in Drug and Cosmetic Act 1940 and Rules 1945
  2. Laws pertaining to Drugs and Magic remedies (objectionable advertisement) Act-1954.
  3. Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) act.
  4. Laws pertaining to Narcotics
  5. Factory and Pharmacy Acts
  6. Consumer Protection Act -1986

 

2.    Regulatory Affairs related to International Trade and Practices of Ayurvedic Drugs

3.    Introduction to Ayurvedic Pharmacoepia of India, Ayurvedic Formulary of India.

4.    Introduction to Indian Pharmacoepia, British and United States Pharmacoepia, Pharamcoepial Codex

5.    Introduction to Traditional Knowledge Digital Library

                   

PAPER-II

Aushadha Prasamsaskarana

                                      

                                                   PART-A   

1.       Detailed ancient & contemporary knowledge with Pharmacognostical/ Geochemical/Mineralogical identification, source, occurrence, availability, classification, physico-chemical characterization, grahya-agrahyatva, therapeutic properties and uses of raw material of plant, mineral and animal origin.  

          

2.       Detailed knowledge of ancient and contemporary Yantropakarana and their accessories used in Aushadhikaran and their contemporary modification such as  Khalva yantras, Peshani Yantra, Pulveriser, Disintegrator, Sieve Shaker, Tableting Machine, Pill thread making and Pill cutting Machine, Mixer, Mass Mixer, Grinder, Emulsifier,   Strip/ Blister Packing Machine, Bottle sealing, Pouch packing Machine, Ointment Making Machine,  Chullika, Koshthis, Bhrashtris, and other heating appliances, Svedan Yantra, Ovens, driers etc. used in manufacturing of small scale and large scale manufacturing of Ayurvedic Formulations along with their applications.

 

3.       Study of Samskara, definition, types and its effect on Physico- chemical and Therapeutic properties of Samskararha dravya.
Role of Agni (Heat), Jala and other dravas (Water and other processing liquids), Kala (Time span), Patra (Container) and other processing materials and their significance in Aushadhikaran.

 

4.       Study of Mardana and its significance in Aushadhikaran. Concept of Bhavana, detailed knowledge of ancient and contemporary grinding and trituration techniques.

PART –B

Detailed Knowledge of Concept, Standard Operating Procedure of manufacturing, Standardization, Quality control, Storage, Technological development in processing and modification in following dosage forms in relation to their usage and acceptability.

 

1.   Panchavidha Kashaya, Satva, Nisyand, Kshira, Sara, Kshara, Arka, Lavana, Ushnodaka, Aushadha Siddha Udaka, Pramathya, Panaka, Mantha, Tarpana, Saktu

2.   Curna, Gutika, Vatika, Modaka, Guggulu, Varti

3.   Pathya Kalpana

4.   Sneha Kalpana

5.   Sandhan kalpana

6.   Bahya Prayogartha Kalpana

7.   Lepa, Upanaha, Malahara, Udvartan, Avadhupan, Abhyanga

8.   Dhupan and Dhumrapan

9.   Mukha, karna, Nasa and Netra Kalpana

10.    Basti Kalpana

 

PAPER –III

 

Aushadha Yoga Vigyan

 

PART –A

 

Bhaishajya Yoga Vigyan

 

Detailed knowledge of Aushadhi Path Samyojana, Therapeutic efficacy, Mechanism of action, Dose, Anupan and Method of administration of following Aushadhi Yogas:

                           

1. Panchavidha Kashayas and their Upakalpa

Ardraka swarasa, Tulasi swarasa, Vasa putapaka swarasa, Nimba kalka, Rasona kalka, Kulattha Kwath, Punarnavasthaka kwatha, Rasna saptaka kwatha, Dhanyak hima, Sarivadi hima, Panchakola phanta, Mustadi pramathya, Kharjuradi mantha, Shadanga paniya, Laksha rasa, Ajamoda arka, Yavanyadi arka, Chincha panaka, Candana panaka, Banapsha sharkara, Nimbu sarkara, Darvi rasakriya, Amrita satva, Ardraka satva, Arjuna kshirapaka, Rasona kshirapaka,

 

Pathya Kalpana – Yavagu, (Krita and Akrita), Ashtaguna manda, Laja manda, Peya, Vilepi, Krishara, Yusha,  Mudga yusha, Kulattha yusha, Saptamushtika yusha, Khad, Kambalika, Raga, Shadava Mamsarasa, Veshavara,  Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhacchika, Dadhi, Tandulodaka, Neutraceuticals and Food Supplements

2. Churna

Sitopaladi Churna, Talisadi Churna, Triphala Churna, Hingvashtaka Churna, Yashtimadhu Churna, Avipattikara Churna, Swadishta Virechana Churna, Trimada Virechana Churna,

Lavana Bhaskar Churna, Sudarshana Churna, MahaSudarshana Churna, Gandharva Haritaki Churna, Navayasa Churna, Pushyanuga Churna, Ajamodadi Churna, Hingvadi Churna, Eladi Churna, Dadimashtaka Churna, Trikatu Churna, Vaishwanara Churna

 

3. Gutika

Arogya vardhani vati, Chandraprabha vati, Chitrakadi Gutika,, Sanjivani Vati, Lasunadi vati, Lavangadi Vati, Vyoshadi vati, Khadiradi Vati,  Kankayan Vati, Abhayadi modak, Marichyadi gutika, Amalakyadi gutika, Samshamini Vati, Kutaja Ghana vati

4. Guggulu

Yogaraja Guggulu, Maha yogaraja Guggulu, Trayodashanga Guggulu, Kanchanara Guggulu, Rasnadi Guggulu, Triphala Guggulu, Simhanada Guggulu, Gokshuradi Guggulu, Kaishora Guggulu, Panchatikta Guggulu, Amritadi Guggulu, Vatari Guggulu, Lakshadi Guggulu, Abha Guggulu

                                               

5. Snehapaka

           

Sneha Moorchhana - Ghrita Murchana, Taila Murchhana

 

Siddha Ghrita-  Shatavari Ghrita, Jatyadi Ghrita, Phala Ghrita, Dadimadi Ghrita, Kshira Shatpala Ghrita, Triphala Ghrita, Dhanvantri Ghrita, Amritaprasha Ghrita, Kalyanaka Ghrita, Brahmi Ghrita, Changeri Ghrita, Panchatikta Ghrita, Sukumara Ghrita

           

Siddha Taila - Maha Narayana Taila, Maha Masha Taila, Bala Taila, Nirgundi Taila, Shadbindu Taila, Vishagarbha Taila, Sahacharadi Taila, Jatyadi Taila, Apamarga Kshara Taila,Tuvaraka Taila, Kshirabala Taila, Lakshadi Taila, Anu Taila, KumKumadi Taila, Hingutriguna Taila, Kottumchukadi Taila, Prasarinyadi Taila, Dhanwantari Taila, Balashwagandhadi Taila, Balaguduchyadi Taila, Nilibhringyadi Taila,  Brihadavadi Taila, Irimedadi Taila, Chandanadi Taila, Panchaguna taila, Arka taila

 

6. Avaleha

Vasa Avaleha, Brahma rasayana, Chyavanprasha Avaleha, Kushmanda Avaleha, Vyagri Haritaki Avaleha, Dadima Avaleha, Bilvadi Avaleha, Kantakaryavaleha, Haridra Khanda, Narikela khanda, Saubhagya shunthi paka.

 

7.Sandhan Kalpa

 

Shukta- Ikshu shukta, Tushambu, Kanjik, Sandaki

                       

Madya - Sura, Shidhu, Varuni

           

Asava Arishta - Lodhrasava, Kumaryasava, Ushirasava, Chandanasava, Kanakasava, Sarivadyasava, Pippalyasava, Lohasava, Vasakasava, Kutajarishta, Draksharishta, Raktamitrarka, Dashamularishta, Abhayarishta, Amritarishta, Ashokarishta, Sarasvatarishta, Arjunarishta, Khadirarishta, Ashwagandha Arishta, Vidangarishta, Takrarishta.

 

8. Miscellaneous - Phala varti, Chandrodaya varti, Arka lavana, Narikela lavana, Triphala masi, Apamarga kshara, Snuhi kshara, Ksharasutra, Atasi upanaha, Sarjarasa malahara, Gandhaka malahara,Sinduradi Malahar, Shatadhouta Ghrita, Sahasra Dhouta Ghrita, Sikta taila, Dashanga lepa, Doshaghna lepa,  Bhallataka taila, Jyotishmati Taila, Bakuchi Taila, Dashanga dhupa, Arshoghna dhupa, Nishadi Netra bindu, Madhutailika Basti, Sneha Basti, Matra Basti, Yoga Basti, Karma Basti, Kala Basti.

      

PART- B

Rasa Yoga Vigyan

 

 Detailed knowledge of Aushadhi Patha Samyojan, Therapeutic efficacy, Mechanism of action, Dose, Anupan and Method of administration of following Aushadhi Yogas

                           

1. Kharaliya Yoga

 

Shwasakuthara Rasa, Tribhuvanakirti Rasa, Higuleshwara Rasa, Anandabhairava Rasa, MahaLakshmivilasa Rasa, Vasnathakusumakara   Rasa, Vasantamalti Rasa, Bhrihatvata chintamani Rasa, Laghusutashekhar Rasa, Sutashekhar Rasa, Ramban Rasa, Chandrakala Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Hridyarnava rasa, Grahanikapata Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Jalodarari Rasa, Mrityunjaya Rasa, Madhumalini vasanta Rasa, Arshakuthara Rasa, Krimimudgara Rasa, Suchikabharana Rasa, Trinetra Rasa, Smrutisagara Rasa, Vatagajankusha Rasa, Agnikumar Rasa, Ekangavir Rasa, Kamadudha Rasa, Purnachandrodaya Rasa, Prataplankeshwara Rasa, Mahavata vidhwansaka Rasa, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Ashwakanchuki Rasa, Gulmakuthara Rasa, Mahajwarankusha Rasa, Chandramrita Rasa, Kaphaketu Rasa, Prabhakara Vati, Pravala Panchamrita, Gandhaka Rasayana, Chaturbhuj rasa, Navajivan rasa, Shonitargal rasa, Raktapitta kulakandan rasa, Amavatari Rasa, Kravyada Rasa, Garbhachintamani Rasa, Chintamani Rasa, Trilokyachintamani Rasa, Pradarantaka Rasa, Vangeshwara Rasa, Brihatvangeshwara Rasa, Shwasakasa Chintamani Rasa, Smritisagar Rasa, Arogyavardhini Vati, Chandraprabha Vati, Agnitundi vati, Shankha Vati.

 

2. Loha Kalpa

 

Ayaskriti, Loha Rasayana, Amlapittantaka loha, Chandanadi loha, Dhatri loha, Navayasa loha, Putapakva vishamajwarantaka loha, Shilajatwadi loha, Tapyadi loha, Saptamrita loha, Amlapittantaka loha, Chandanadi loha, Dhatri loha, Punarnava Mandura, Amritasara Loha, Shankaramat loha, Pradarantaka loha, Rohitaka loha.

 

3.   Kupipakva Yoga

 

Rasa Sindura, Makaradhwaja, Sidhamakaradhwaja, Samirapannaga Swarnavanga, Malla sindura, Rasa karpura, Rasa pushpa, Manikya Rasa.

 

4.   Parpati Yoga

        

Rasa Parpati, Loha Parpati, Tamra Parpati, Suwarna Parpati, Gagana Parpati, Vijay Parpati, Panchamrit Parpati, Shwet Parpati, Bola Parpati .

 

5.   Pottali Yoga

 

Rasagarbhapottali, Hemagarbhapottali, Mallagarbha pottali,  pottali, Hiranyagarbha pottali, Shankagarbha pottali, Lokanatha rasa, Mriganka Pottali.

 

PAPER - IV

Pharmaceutical Science

PART - A

Pharmaceutical technology

 

1.    

Scope and Evolution of Pharmacy

2.    

Information Resources in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science

3.    

Posology

4.    

Colloidal and Coarse dispersion and Pharmaceutical Rheology

5.    

Preformulation

6.    

Separation

7.    

Principles of Distillation, Methods of Extraction, Infusion, Decoction, Maceration, Percolation and Fusion

8.    

Sterilization & Sterile products, Ophthalmic and Parenteral Preparations 

9.    

Preservation and stabilization of pharmaceutical products

10.         

Drying, Open and Closed Air drying, Freeze drying, Vacuum drying and other drying methods

11.         

Pharmaceutical Excipients

12.         

Oral Solid Dosage Forms, Powder,   Size reduction & size separations,    Principles of mixing Micrometrics- Methods of determination of particle size, shape & Surface area, Methods of compression & Consolidation of powder solids

Tablets, Sustained release dosage forms, Suppositories & Pessaries

Capsules- Hard capsules & soft gelatin capsules & micro incapsulation

13.         

Semisolid Dosage Forms Emulsion, Suspensions and Extracts

14.         

Liquids - Solution, Solubility Phenomenon, Diffusion & Dissolution, pH, Buffers & Isotonic solutions, Clarification & Filtration Techniques of filtration & Centrifugation, Syrup, Elixirs

15.         

Pharmaceutical aerosols

16.         

Topical drugs and Cosmetics

17.         

Packaging Materials and Labeling

18.         

Standardization of Raw material, In process Material and Finished Product

         

PART – B

Pharmacology & Toxicology

 

Pharmacology

 

1.   Principles of Pharmacology

Pharmcodynamics & Pharmacokinetics: Absorption, distribution, mechanism of action & Excretion, Dose response relationship, structure activity relationship

 

2.   Routes of administration of drug

 

3.   Factors modifying drug effect, Drug interactions, Adverse drug reaction and Drug toxicity

 

4.   Detailed Knowledge of Pharmacovigilance – National and International Scenario. Pharmacovigillance of Ayurvedic Drugs

                              

5.   Clinical pharmacology: Preclinical & clinical evaluation, Bioavailability and Bioequivalence

 

Toxicology

 

1.   Principles of Toxicology

2.   Toxicology of Metallic, Mineral, Plant & Animal products

General principles of Management of Acute and Chronic Toxicity

   

Practicals

 [                                                                           

Minimum 150 practicals to be performed covering all the dosage forms.

Educational Visits to minimum Five(5) GMP approved Ayurvedic Pharmacies

Ten days posting in R&D / Production unit in Ayurvedic Pharmacy.

 

Reference Books

 

1.     Relevent parts of Charak, Sushrut, Vagbhata and Sharngadhar

2.        Bheshaj Kalpa

3.        Bhavaprakash

4.        Siddha Bhaishajya Manimala

5.        Bhaishajya Ratnavali

6.        Ayurvediya Aushadhikarana                – Puranika and Dhamanakar

7.        Rasa Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyan                             – Santosh Khandal 

8.        Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakar

9.        Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradeepa

10.    Kriyatmak Aushadhi Parichaya Vigyan

11.    Ayurvedeeya Aushadhikarana                       – Puranika and Dhamanakar

12.    Dravyaguna Vijnan Pat-1 and 2                 - Yadavji Trikamji Acharya

13.    Dravyaguna                               – Chakradatta   CCRAS Publication

14.    Remington: Science and Practice of Pharmacy

15.    Industrial Pharmacy                                                    – Lackman

16.    Text Book of Phrmacology                           – Goodman and Gilman

17.    Data Base of Medicinal Plants                           – CCRAS Publication

18.    Quality and Standards of Medicinal Plants            – ICMR publication

19.    Quality Control of Ayurvedic Drugs         – PLIM, Gaziabad publication

20.    Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia of India

21.    Ayurvedic Formulary of India

22.    Indian Pharmacopeia

23.    British Pharmacopeia

24.    United States Pharmacopeia

25.    Pharmacopeia Codex

26.    Current Good Manufacturing Practices

27.    Drugs and Cosmetic Act 1940 and Rules 1945

28.    Drugs and Magic remedies (Objectionable advertisement) Act-1954

29.    Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) act

30.    Laws pertaining to Narcotics

31.    Factory and Pharmacy Acts

32.    Consumer Protection Act -1986

33.    Siddha Yoga Samgriha                          –Yadavaji Trikamji Acharya

34.    Sahasrayoga

 


8.   AGADA TANTRA VYAVAHARAYURVED  EVUM  VIDHIVAIDYAKA

 

PAPER-I

 

Agada Tantra (Ayurvedic & Contemporary Toxicology)

 

1.    

Agada Tantra, its sequential development. Shaiva, Vaishnava, Boudha & Contemporary Toxicology.

 

2.    

Definition of Visha, properties of visha with its comparison with madya and oja, visha samprapti, visha prabhava, visha-vega, vegantara and visha karmukatha (toxicodynamic and toxico kinetic study).

 

3.    

Descriptive and comparative study of Upavisha in union with Contemporary Toxicology.

 

4.    

Examination of poisons as per Contemporary and Ayurvedic Methods.

 

5.    

Descriptive study of sthavara visha, definition, classifications, classical signs and symptoms of poisoning including Vanaspatic (phyto poison), khanija (mineral) and compound sthavara visha.

 

6.    

Study of Jangama visha and their sources (Animal poisoning and Zoonotic Diseases). Descriptive study of the snakes according to ancient & contemporary knowledge. Causes of snake bite and its types. Composition of snake venom and its pharmacological actions. Signs and symptoms of envenomation and its prognostic signs. Clinical features of Vrishchika (scorpion), Luta (spider), Grihagodhika (Lizard), Mushaka (rats), Alarka (dogs), Makshika and Mashaka (mosquitoes) and their pathologic manifestations. Shanka visha and its management. Visha sankat  and  Visha Kanya.

 

7.    

Garavisha & Dushi visha, their varieties, signs, symptoms and management with contemporary relevance.

 

8.    

Detailed study of Madya visha (Alcoholism) and substances acting on the nervous system; substance abuse.

 

9.    

Detailed study of the contemporary knowledge about vishajanya Janpadodhvansaniya rog (community health problems due to poisons - Environmental pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution etc their features and management  according to ancient & recent concepts.

       

10.         

Concept of Virudhahara, Ahara visha and Satmyasatmyata in contemporary and Ayurvedic views.

         

11.         

Drug interactions and Incompatibility. 

 

 

 

PAPER- II

 

Visha Chikitsa Vigyan  (Management Of Poisoning)

 

1.        Fundamental Principals of  the treatment  of poisoning

2.        General and specific treatments of different types of Sthavara visha.

3.        General and specific treatments of different types of Jangama visha (animal poisons, insect poisons, snake bites and other zoonotic diseases).

4.        Emergency medical management of poisoning including preparation administration and complications of antivenoms/antisera.

5.        Chaturvimsati upakrama (24 management procedures).

6.        Management of   Garavisha and Dushivisha

7.        Management of the toxic manifestations caused by the contact poisons. (paduka, vasthra,abharana,mukhalepa- vishabadha etc)

8.        Management of food poisoning.

9.        Death due to poisoning, Duty of physician in poisoning, in cases of suspected poisoning. Post mortem findings in poisoning.

10.    Extra -corporeal techniques (dialysis etc) for removal of poisons.

 

 

                                            PAPER -III

 

Vyavaharayurved Evum Vidhi Vaidyaka

 

(Forensic Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence)

 

1.    

Definition of Vyavahara Ayurveda, its evolution in ancient &   contemporary periods.

2.    

Personal identity and its medico-legal aspects

3.    

Death and its medico-legal aspects  (Medical Thanatology)

4.    

Asphyxial deaths and its medico-legal importance.

5.    

Death due to starvation, heat and cold.

6.    

Medico-legal autopsy.

7.    

Injuries due to explosions, chemical and nuclear warfare.

8.    

Medico-legal aspects of injuries and wounds.

9.    

Impotence and sterility-Its medico-legal aspects. Regulations of Artificial Insemination.

10.         

Sexual offences and perversions.

11.         

Medico-legal aspects of virginity, pregnancy, delivery, abortion, infanticide and legitimacy. Its related acts.

12.         

Indian Penal Code, Criminal procedure code and study of different related acts like Indian Evidence Act, Pre Natal Diagnostic Test act, Nursing Home Act. Organ transplantation act and Anatomy act etc. Any related act enacted by the government time to time.

13.         

Courts and Legal procedures.

14.         

Forensic Science Laboratory

15.         

Medico legal aspects of mental illness

16.         

Duties and privileges of physician. 

17.         

Structure of Central Council of Indian Medicine, its jurisdiction & functions. Code and Conducts as per the CCIM, Rules and Regulations there under.

18.         

Respective State Council of Indian Medicine, its structure, power, voluntary duties.

19.         

Doctor - patient relationship.

20.         

Rights and privileges of patients. Euthanasia.

21.         

Professional secrecy and privileged communication.

22.         

Professional negligence and malpraxis

23.         

Indemnity Insurance scheme.

24.         

Consumer Protection Act related to medical practice.

25.         

Ethics as in classics. Types of physicians and methods of identification, Pranabhisara and   Rogabhisara Physicians, qualities of physician, responsibilities of Physicians, Chathurvidhavaidya vriti,duties of physicians to his patients, Vaidya sadvritam, Apujya Vaidya who is accepting fees, relationship with females.

 

 

PAPER - IV

 

Aushadha Yoga Vigyan

 

1.   Study of the process of sodhana, marana, and samskara of poisonous drugs.

2.   Pharmaco dynamics of different formulations used in Agadatantra

3.   Study of pharmacology and usage of antidotes as per the Ayurvedic and contemporary science.

4.   Fundamentals of pharmaceutics according to Ayurvedic and contemporary point of view.

5.   Chemical, analytical, laboratory examination of poisons and suspicious substance.

6.   Introduction of Different instruments /equipments used in the examination of poisons.

7.   Introduction to Clinical toxicology

8.   Introduction to Experimental toxicology

9.   Introduction to Toxico- genomics

10.    Survey and study of the traditional and folklore vishachikista sampradayas

 

Reference Books

 

1.      Useful Portion of Charak-Sushruta-Vagbhata

2.      Dravyaguna Vigyan                                       —Acharya Yadavji

3.      Aushadhigunadharma Shastra                    —Pt Visvanath Dvivedi

4.      Kriyatmat Aushada parichaya Vigyan                   -Pt Visvanath Dvivedi

5.      Ayurvedic Vyadhi Vigyan                     —Acharya yadavji Trikamji

6.      Madhavanidan with Madhukosha commentary

7.      Sharangadhara Samhita

8.      Yogaratnakara

9.      Aushadigunadharma Shastra             —Pt Gangadhara Shastri Gune

10.   Rasendracintamani

11.   Rasaratna samuchachaya

12.   Vishavigyan                                                 —Dr. Krishna Kumar

13.   Related matter of Kautilya Artha Shastra

14.   Harmekhlatantra

15.   Anupana manjari

16.   Ayurvedaprakash 

17.   System of clinical Medicine                                              – Savil

18.   Forensic Pharmacy                                               - B.M. Mhithai

19.   Hand book of Forensic Medicine and toxicology    - Dr. P.V. Chadha

20.   Viva Forensic Medicine and toxicology                       – L.C. Gupta

21.   Forensic Medicine and Ethics                                   – J.P. Narena

22.   Modi’s Medical Jurispudence and Toxicology

23.   The essentials of forensic medicine and toxicology - Dr.K.S.      Narayan Reddy

24.   Medical Laws and Ethics                                      – Dr. H.S. Mehta

25.   M.R.K. Krishnan’s Handbook of Forensic Medicine

26.   Text book of Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology   –Dr. C.K. Parikh

27.   Atlas of Forensic Medicine                               –Dr. Tomio Watenbe

28.   Medico legal Post Mortems (Atlas)                   -Dr. Parikh  & Others

29.   T.B. of F.M.T                                                               -Dr. Pillay

30.   T.B. of F.M.T.                                                       –Dr. Karmakar 

31.   T.B. of F.M.                                                             –Dr. Singhal

32.   T.B. of F.M.T.                                                    –Dr. Krishnan Vij

33.   Forensic Pathology                                         –Dr. Bernard Knight

34.   T.B. of F.M.T.                                                                 –Lyon’s

35.   Pocket picture guide to Forensic          –Gower’s Medical  Publication

36.   Forensic Medicine                                               –Simpson Knight

37.   Taylor’s Principals & Practical of Medical  Jurisprudence J & A Churchis

38.   Doctor &  law                                                                –Singhal

39.   T.B. of Toxicology                                                          -Singhal

40.   Medicine Harrison’s Principal of Internal Medicine

41.   Agad Tantra                                            –Dr. Shekhar Namboodri

42.   Modern Medical Toxicology                                                 –Pillay

43.   Critical care toxicology                                         –Bruent Wallace

44.   Diagnosis & Management of common poisoning           –Agarwal wali

45.   Colour Atlas of F.M.                                                   –Govindaiah

46.   Guidelines of poisons                                                          –W.H.O.

47.   Doctors patients relationships                                      –Dr.Lavekar 


9. SWASTHAVRITTA

 

 

PAPER - I

 

Vaiyaktika Swasthavrittam Sadvrittam Cha

 

(Personal Hygiene and Moral Hygiene)

 

1.    

Concept of holistic health according to Ayurveda.

2.    

Spectrum of health, Iceberg phenomenon of diseases, dimensions of health.

3.    

Dinacharya – Detailed accounts by Charak, Sushrut, Vagbhata and Bhavamishra.

4.    

Ratricharya – Bhavamishra.

5.    

Possible Physiologic effect of different dinacharyas.

6.    

Ritucharya – Classical description by Charak, Sushrut, Vagbhata, Bhela Samhita and Bhavamishra.

7.    

Ritus prevalent in various Indian states.

8.    

Ritu pattern in various continents of the world.

9.    

Day and night pattern in various countries.

10.         

Shodhana Schedule for Ritu sandhis.

11.         

Concept of Vegas, types and physiology behind each vega and vegadharana

12.         

Ahara – Classical food items in Charak, Sushrut, Vagbhata and Sharngadhara.

13.         

Ahara vargas and comparison with todays’ food items.

14.         

Staple diet of various States of India.

15.         

Staple diet of various countries and correlation with their climate.

16.         

Principles of dietetics. Balanced diet for healthy adult, adolescent, elderly people, pregnant ladies and lactating mothers.

17.         

Food intervention in malnutrition, under nutrition and over nutrition.

18.         

Rules of food intake according to Charak, Sushrut and Vagbhata.

19.         

Pros and Cons of vegetarian and Non vegetarian foods.

20.         

Viruddhahara – Classical and modern day examples.

21.         

Sadvritta – Compare Charak, Sushrut and Vagbhata.

22.         

Pragyaparadha – Causes, effects and solution.

23.         

Achara Rasayana.

24.         

Rejuvenation for Swasthas (Kamya Rasayana, vatatapika Rasayana)

25.         

Aphrodisciacs for Swastha (Vajikarana)

26.         

Mental Health and the role of Ayurveda in it.

27.         

Immunity– Modern and Ayurvedic concepts.

28.         

Disinfection – Principles and practice.

29.         

Principles of Health Education

30.         

Genetics and Ayurveda

 

PAPER -II

 

Roganutpadaniyam Samajikam Cha Swasthavrittam

   

(Community Health)

 

1.    

Concept of community health.

2.    

Concept of Prevention according to Ayurveda.

3.    

Concept of prevention, Levels of prevention and stages of intervention.

4.    

Web of causation of diseases, Multifactorial causation.

5.    

Natural History of diseases.

6.    

Ecology and community health.

7.    

Disinfection practices for the community – Modern and Ayurvedic.

8.    

Immunization programmes. Possible contribution of Ayurveda.

9.    

Environment and community health (Bhumi, Jala, Vayu, Prakasha)

10.     

Occupational Health, Ergonomics, Role of Ayurveda in ESI and W.H.O programmes.

11.     

Medical Entamology and Medical Parasitology.

12.     

School Health Programme according to Ayurveda.

13.     

Demography and Family Planning.

14.     

Role of Ayurveda in Family Planning and Modern concept of Contraception.

15.     

Old age problems in community. Role of Ayurveda in Geriatrics.

16.     

Care of the disabled and Importance of Tertiary prevention.

17.     

Life Style disorders (Non Communicable diseases) in community and the role of Ayurveda in them.

18.     

Health tourism

19.     

Ayurvedic Resort Management

20.     

Medical Sociology.

 

PAPER - III

Samkramaka Rog Pratishedham

 

(Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases)

 

1.        Modern Concept of Epidemiology

2.        Critical evaluation of Janapadodhwamsa.

3.         Epidemiology of Communicable diseases.

4.        Investigation of an Epidemic

5.        Control of Epidemics.

6.        Immunization Programmes

7.        Ayurvedic method of Community immunization

8.        Sexually Transmitted Disorders and their control

9.        Health advice to travelers.

10.       Hospital, Isolation ward and bio medical waste management

11.       General investigations for Communicable diseases

12.       Health administration under Ministry of H &FWD

13.       AYUSH, its administration, functions and programmes.

14.       Disaster management

15.       Statistics related with Infectious diseases at International, National and State levels

16.       Bio Statistics

PAPER - IV

 

Yoga and Nisargopachara

 

1.        Development of Yoga according to different period

2.        Schools of Yoga

3.        Rajayoga – philosophy of Patanjali according to Yogasutras

4.        Hathayoga -  according to Hathayoga pradipika and Gheranda Samhita

5.        Karmayoga – Philosophy according to Bhagavad Gita

6.        Physiologic  effect of Yoga on different systems of Body

7.        Concept of Sthula, Sukshma and Karana Sharirs

8.        Concept of Panchakoshas

9.        Concept of Shad chakras and Kundlini

10.    Therapeutic effect of  yogic practice  in the following diseases  - Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular disorders, Obesity, Asthma, Piles, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Eczema, Psoriasis, Stress Disorders, Eye disorders, Headache, Juvenile Delinquency, Mental retardation, Depression, Neurosis, Sexual Dysfunction, Uterine Disorders, Cancer.

11.    Histroy of Nature Cure.

12.    Basic Principles of Western School of Nature Cure

13.    Basic Principles of Indian School of Nature Cure – Panchabhuta Upasana

14.    Different types of Massage  and their therapeutic effects

15.    Elements of Acupuncture and Acupressure.

16.    Chromotherapy

17.    Magnetotherapy

18.    Methods of Nature Cure in various diseases.

19.    Principles of Physiotherapy.

 

Reference Books

1)   Relevant portions of Charak, Susruta, Vagbhata Sarangadhara, Bhavaprakasha, Madhavanidan &Yogaratnakara, Bhela Samhita

2)   Hathayoga</