CENTRAL COUNCIL OF INDIAN MEDICINE

NEW DELHI

SYLLABUS OF AYURVEDACHARYA (BAMS) COURSE

 

 

INDEX

2ND PROFESSIONAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.1

DRAVYAGUNA VIGHYAN

 

2-9

 

 

 

 

1.2

AGADTANTRA

 

10-12

 

 

 

 

1.3

RASASHATRA

 

13-21

 

 

 

 

1.4

CHARAK SAMHITA

 

22

 

 

 

 

1 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

2.1 DRAVYAGUNA VIJNAN

(PHARMACOLOGY & MATERIA MEDICA)

Lectures: 200 Hrs.

Practicals: 200 Hrs.

Total Marks -400

Theory Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

Practical/Viva voce – 200 Marks

Paper I 100 Marks

Part A 50 Marks

1- Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasa- Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz Dravya- Rasa-Guna- Virya- Vipaka- Prabhava and Karma.

2- Dravya:

Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa.

Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification.

3- Guna:

Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of Gurvadi Guna & Paradi gunas.

4- Rasa:

Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts. Shad Rasas

(Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas, Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular), Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa), Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas. Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha.

5- Vipaka:

Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka, Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka.

Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka).

6- Veerya:

Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, Number of Virya. (Dwividha & Ashtavidha), Panchabhauthikatva

Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along with exceptions.

2 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

7- Prabhava:

Definition, Effects of Prabhava.

8- Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana). Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas.

9- Karma:

Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action).

Explanation of the following Karmas with examples:

1.

Deepana

2.

Pachana

3.

Samshodhana

4.

Samshamana

5.

Anulomana

6.

Sransana

7.

Bhedana

8.

Rechana

9.

Chhedana

10.

Lekhana

11.

Grahi

12.

Sthambhana

13.

Madakari

14.

Pramathi

15.

Abhishyandi

16.

Vyavayi

17.

Vikashi

18.

Rasayana

19.

Vajeekarana

20.

Jeevaneeya

21.

Balya

22.

Brimhana

23.

Langhana

24.

Medhya

10. Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita.

11- Mishraka Gana:

11a)- Audbhida Gana (Vegetable origin) Brihatpanchamoola, Laghupanchamoola, Vallipanchamoola, Kantakapanchamoola, Trinapanchamoola,Madhyamapanchamoola, Jeevaneeya panchamoola, Panchapallava, Panchavalakala, Triphala, Trikatu,Trimada, Chaturusana, Panchakola, Shadusana, Chaturbeeja, Jeevaniya gana, Ashtavarga, Trijataka, Chaturajataka, Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta, Amlapanchaka, Chaturbhadra,Trikarshika, Swalpatriphala, Madhuratriphala, Mahavisha, Upavisha, Agrya aushadh varga- Knowledge of Agrayaaushadha Varga with example.

11 b)- Jangama Gana (Animal origin)- Ksheerashtaka, Mutrashtaka, Pitta panchaka.

11 c)- Parthiva Gana (Mineral origin) - Lavana Panchaka, Kshara dvaya, Kshara Ashtaka.

12- Basis of nomenclature:

Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.

13. Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8), Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya)- Ecology- Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil), swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of drug to be collected). Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) -Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used. Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse), study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts).

3 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

Part B

50 Marks

(I)

20 Marks

14 a) Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya). 14 b) Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants)

14 c) Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes)

15- Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts. Concept of viruddha Dravya (incompatibility of the dravya).

16- Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan - Dhanwantari Nighantu, Bhavaprakashanighantu, Rajanighantu.

17- Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species.

(II)

30 Marks

18. - Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology. Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following - Anaesthetics, CNS depressants, Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers, Antipyretics, Analgesics, Antiepileptics, Antihypertensive, Antianginal, Antiplatelet, Hypolipidaemic, Haemopoetic, Coagulants, Bronchodialators, Aerosols/ Inhalants, Expectorants, Digestants, Carminatives, Antacids, Antiulcer, Laxatives, Antidiarrhoeals, Antiemetic, Hepatoprotective, Diuretic, Antidiuretic, Lithotriptic, Antiinflammatory, Hormonal therapy, Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Antithyroid, Oxytocic. Galactagogues, Contraceptives, Styptics, Antihistamines, Antimicrobial, Antibiotics, Antimalarial, Amoebicidal, Antifilarial, Anthelmentic, Antifungal,Vitamins, Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids, Vaccines, antivenom, antirabbies serum, Local anti septics, drugs in ophthalmic practice, Anti cancer drugs and immunomodulators.

Paper II

100 Marks

Part A

70 marks

1-Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya –

1- Detailed knowledge of following drugs with respect to Basonym of drug, Main Synonyms, Regional Name, Botanical Name, Family, Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut, External morphology, Useful parts, Important phytoconstituents, Rasa panchaka, Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Prayogarha vyadhi (therapeutic indications), Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose), Vishishta yoga (names of important formulations), Vishakta Lakshan (adverse effects), Chikitsopachara (remedial measures) and Shodhana (as required)

4 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

[Alphabetical order and Botanical names to all the drugs are to be added]

Agaru

Guggulu

Pashanabheda

Agnimantha

Haridradvaya

Patala

Agnimantha

Haritaki

Pippali-Pippalimula

Ahiphena

Hingu

Prishniparni

Amalaki

Jambu

Punarnava

Apamarga

Jatamansi

Pushkarmoola

Aragvadha

Jatiphal

Rasna

Aragvadha

Jeerakadvaya

Rasona

Ardraka-Sunti

Jyotishmati

Rohitaka

Arjuna

Kalamegha

Saireyaka

Arjuna

Kampillaka

Sarivadvaya

Arkadvaya

Kanchanara

Sarpagandha

Ashvagandha

Kantakari

Shalaparni

Asoka

Kapikacchu

Shallaki

Ativisha

Karkatakshringi

Shalmali

Bakuchi

Karpura

Shankhapushpi

Baladvayam.

Katuki

Shatavari

Bhallataka

Khadira

Shigru

Bharangi

Kiratatikta

Shirisha

Bhrungaraj

Kumari

Shyonaka

Bibhitaka

Kumkum Kesara

Talisa Patra

Bijak/ Vijaysar

Kupilu

Tila

Bilva

Kushta

Trivrut

Brahmi

Kutaja

Tulasi

Bruhati

Lavanga

Tvak

Chandanadvaya,

Lodhra

Ushira

Chitraka

Madanaphala

Vacha

Dadima

Mandukaparni.

Varahi

Devadaru

Manjishtha

Varahi

Dhataki

Maricha

Varuna

Durva

Musta

Vasa

Eladvayam

Nagakeshara

Vatsanabha

Eranda

Nimba

Vidanga

Gambhari

Nirgundi

Vidari

Gokshura

Palasha

Yastimadhu

Guduchi

Parpata

Yavani

Part B-

II- Brief Knowledge of following dravyas with Respect to Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name, Family, Habit (Samanya Swarupa), Parts Used and Indications.

Agastya

Jati

Palandu

Ajamoda

Jayapala

Parasika Yavani

Akarkarabh

Jeevanti

Parijata

Amlavetasa

Kadali,

Parisha

Amra

Kadamba

Parnabija

 

 

 

 

 

5 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

Amragandhiharidra

Kaidarya

Parnayavani

Ankola

Kakamachi

Parpataka

Aparajita

Kamala

Parushaka

Ashvagol

Kankola

Patalagarudi

Ashvattha

Karanja

Patha

Asthishrunkhala

Karavellaka

Patola

Atasi

Karavira

Patranga

Avartaki

Karira

Pilu

Avartani

Karpasa

Plaksha

Babbula

Kasamarda

Prasarani

Badara

Kasha

Priyala

Bakula

Kasni

Priyangu

Bhumyamalki

Kataka

Puga

Bijapoora

Katphala

Putiha

Bola

Kebuka

Putranjivaka

Chakramarda

Kharjura

Rajika/Sarshapa

Champaka

Kitmari

Rohitaka

Chandrashura

Kokilaksha

Saptachakra

Changeri

Koshataki

Saptaparna

Chavya

Kulatha

Saral

Chirbilva

Kumuda

Sarja

Chopachini

Kusha

Shala

Danti

Kusmanda

Shara

Darbha

Lajjalu

Sharapunkha

Dattura

Langali

Shatahwa

Dhanvayasa

Latakaranja

Shati

Dhanyaka

Latakasturi

Snuhi

Draksha

Madayantika

Sringataka

Dronapushpi

Mahanimba

Svarnakshiri

Gandhaprasarini

Mandukaparni

Tagara .

Garjara

Markandika

Tailaparni

Gojihva,

Masha

Talmuli

Gorakshaganja

Mashaparni

Taruni

Gunja

Matulunga

Tavakshira

hinsapa

Mayaphala

Teja Patra

Hinstra

Meshashrungi

Tuvaraka

Hribera

Methika

Udumbara

Hrutpatri

Mudgaparni

urana

Ikshu

Mulaka

Vamsha

Indravaruni

Murva

Vata

Ingudi

Nagabala

Vatada

Irimeda

Nala

Vrudhadaru

Ishvaku

Narikela

Vrukshamla

Isvari

Nili

 

Japa

Padmaka

 

III .-Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya

(Drugs of Animal Origin).

 

 

1. Kasturi

2. Gorochana

3. Mrigasringa

6 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

IV- Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga:

 

 

1.

Jala Varga

2.

Dugdha Varga

3.

Madhu Varga

4.

Taila Varga

5.

Sukadhanya Varga

6.Shamidhanya Varga

7.

Phala Varga

8.

Shaka Varga

9.

Mamsa Varga

10. Aharayogi

PRACTICALS

1.A. Study of Macroscopic, Microscopic characters and Demonstration of organoleptic charcteristics and grahya-agrahyatva of following plants and their useful parts.

i.Kanda (stem) - Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala

ii.Patra (leaves) - Vasa or Kumari

iii.Pushpa (flower and Parts of flower)- Dhataki or Japa

iv.Phala (fruit) – Maricha or Madanaphala or Vidanga

v.Beeja (seeds) – Eranda or Kapikacchhu

vi.Twak (bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwattha

vii.Moola(Root)- Punarnava or Chitraka

viii.Niryasa (exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa

ix.Jangama dravya - Madhu or Ghrita.

2.Records of Herbarium sheets of 50 medicinal plants Compulsory study tour other state/s for field knowledge and procurement of plant species.

PRACTICAL MARKS DIVISION

 

1

Herbarium

20 Marks

2

Practical record

20 Marks

3

Drug identification- spotting –Raw/crude drugs

30 marks

4

Plant identification spotting –fresh

30 marks

5

Practical

40 marks

6.

Viva-Voce

60 Marks

Total

 

200 marks

Reference Books

7 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

1.

Abhinav Buti Darpan (Vol.1-2)

-

Vd. Roop Lal Vaishya

2.

Aushadna Vigyna Shastra

-

Acharya Pt. Vishvanatha Dwidevi

3.

Ayurvediya Aushadnkarma vigyana

-

Acharya V.J. Thakur

4.

Bedi Vanaspati Kosha

-

Prof. Ramesh Bedi

5.

Bhaishajyaguna Vigyana

-

Dr. Alakhnarayan Singh

6.

Bhav Prakash Nigantu (English)

-

Shreekanthamurti

7.

Bhav Prakash Nighantu

-

With Vd. Krishna Chandra

 

 

 

Chunekar commentary

8.

Bhrinad dravyagunadarsha

-

Mahendra Kumar Shastri

9.

Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

10.

Controversial Medicinal Plants

-

Vd. G. Bapa Lal

11.

Dalhana Ka Dravyaguna Shastra Ke

-

Vd. Shiv Kumar Vyas

 

Kshetra Me Yogadana

 

 

12.

Dravyaguna Kosha

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

13.

Dravyaguna Sutram

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

14.

Dravyaguna Vigyana

-

Dr. Gyanendra Pandey

15.

Dravyaguna Vigyana(Vol. 1-2)

-

Acharya Yadavji Tikram Ji

16.

Dravyaguna Vijyana

-

Dr. V.M. Gogate

17.

Dravyaguna Vigyana (Vol. 1-5)

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

18.

Dravyaguna Shastrum

-

Vaidya G.A. Phadake

19.

Dravyaguna Vijyana

-

Dr. A.P. Deshpande

20.

Dravyagunavijnana basic Principles

-

Prof.D.S.Lucas

21.

Forgotten Healers (Indian Medicinal

-

Dr. Prakash Pranjape

 

Plants)

 

 

22.

Glossry of Vegetable Drugs in

-

Thakur Balwant Singh & Vd.

 

Bhrittrayis

 

Krishna Chandra Chunekar

23.

Introduction to Dravyaguna

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

24.

Kriyatamka Aushadi Parichaya

-

Acharya Pt. Vishvanath Dwidevi

25.

Materia Medica

-

Acharya Ghosh

26.

Nighantu Adarsh (Vol. 1-2)

-

Vd. Bapa Lal

27.

Pharmacological basis of Medical

-

Goodman & Gillman

 

Practice

 

 

28.

Pharmacology and

-

Satoskar Bhandarkar & Ainapure

 

Pharmacotherapeutics

 

 

29.

Prayogatamaka Dravyaguna Vigyana

-

Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal

30.

Priya nighantu

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

31.

Raspanchaka/Dravyaguna Siddhanta

-

Prof. Shivcharan Dhyani

32.

System of Plant Nomenclature in

-

Dr. Gyanendra Panday

 

Ayurveda

 

 

33.

Text Book of Pharmacognosy

-

Trees & Valis

34.

Textbook of Dravyaguna

-

Dr.K.Nishteswar

35.

Unani Dravyaguna Vigyana

-

Hakim Daljeet Singh

8 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

36.

Useful parts of Charaka, Sushurut,

-

 

 

and Vagbhata.

 

 

37.

Uttarakand Ki Vanaspatiya

-

Dr. Gyanendra Pandey

38.

Vanoaushadi Darshika

-

Thakur Balwant Singh

39.

Vanoaushadi Nidarshika

-

Dr. Ram Sushil Singh

40.

Vedic Vanaspatiyan

-

Dr. Dinesh Chandra Sharma

*****

***

*

9 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

2.2. AGADTANTRA, VYAVAHAR-AYURVED EVUM VIDHIVAIDYAK

(TOXICOLOGY, FORENSIC MEDICINE AND MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE)

 

Theory One Paper – 100 Marks

 

Practical/Viva voce -50 Marks

 

Theory -200 hrs

 

Practical - 100 hrs

Part- A

50 Marks

1Derivation, definition of Visha and Agadatantra. Scope of Agadatantra. Visha Utpatti, Visha Prabhava, Visha Pranaharana Kriya, Visha Guna, Visha Gati, Visha Vega Visha Sankata, Shanka Visha.

2Definition of toxicology, Definition of poison, suicidal and homicidal poisons, classification of poisons, their action and route of administration, absorption, excretion, metabolism, diagnosis and general principles of treatment, duties of a medical practitioner in case of suspected poisoning.

3Origin and Classification of Visha:-Its sources, Difference between Visha, Madya and Oja guna, Visha Upadrava and Visha Mukta Lakshana.

4Tests for detection of Visha, and Modern Toxicological Techniques of detection of poisons

Visha Data Lakshana, Visha Peeta Lakshana, Signs and symptoms of Visha afflicted organs and personal effects. (Poisoning with Anjana, Lepa paduka, Abharana etc.

5Introduction to Environmental Toxicology- Samuhika Vishaprayoga- effect of chemical and nuclear warfare.

6Vishopakrama described by Charak, General principles of Management of poisoning.

7Manifestation of poisoning due to poisons of plant origin their fatal Dose, fatal period, management of poisoning, post mortem appearance and its medico legal importance. Visha and Upavisha- Arka, Snuhi, Langali, Karaveera, Gunja, Ahiphena, Dhattura, Bhallataka, Vatsanabha, Kupeelu, Jayapala, Bhanga & Tobacco, Parthenium hysteriphorus, Chitraka, Eranda, Digitalis and Cerebra Odallam.

8Garavisha, Dooshivisha, Viruddhahara. Food adulteration and poisoning–classification, diagnosis, management and contemporary significance.

9Jangama Visha – Detailed study of Sarpa, Keeta, Loota, Vrischika, Mooshika, Alarka – Visha; Lakshana, Bheda, Chikitsa and their Sadhyasadhyata (contemporary and classical views).

10Introduction to poisoning due to Acids, Alkalis, metals, Non-metals, Asphyxiants and others, their Fatal Dose, Fatal period, Manifestation, management, medico legal

importance and postmortem appearance of poisoning due to:

a) Acid and Alkalis– Sulphuric acid, Hydrochloric acid, Nitric acid, Hydrocyanic acid, Oxalic acid, Carbolic acid, Formic acid, alkalis in general.

b)Asphyxiants – Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Hydrogen sulphide

c)Nonmetallic poisons – Phosphorous, Iodine

Metallic poisoning – Arsenic, Mercury, Lead, Copper, Zinc, Tin.

10 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

d)Others - Petroleum – Kerosene Organo phosphorus compounds -Aluminum phosphate, Organo Chlorinated Compounds, Household poisons.

11Madya and Madatyaya. Alcohol poisoning (Ethanol and Methanol).

12Introduction to Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic substances Act 1985.

Part –B

50 Marks

1.Definition of Vyavahara Ayurveda (Forensic medicine) and Vidhivaidyaka (Medical jurisprudence), concise history of Vyavahara Ayurveda (Forensic medicine) and Vidhivaidyaka (Medical jurisprudence). Introduction to Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act and Criminal Procedure Code.

2.Legal Procedures:- Inquest, Evidence, Witness, Courts and their powers.

3.Personal identity and its Medico legal aspects, forensic odontology, Introduction to Forensic Serology and DNA profiling.

4.Death and its Medico Legal Aspects, Medico Legal autopsy and exhumation.

5.Injuries and thermal injuries, their medico Legal aspects, general introduction of weapons.

6.Dowry deaths (Domestic Violence), their Medico Legal importance and laws in relation to it.

7.Asphyxial deaths and its Medico Legal importance.

8.Medico Legal importance of Pregnancy, Delivery; Impotence & Sterility, Abortion, Infanticide, battered baby. Virginity, Artificial Insemination, Legitimacy.

9.Sexual offences, and their Medico Legal aspects. Sexual perversions.

10.Introduction to Forensic psychiatry.

11.Introduction to forensic laboratory.

12.Ethics as in classical Texts. Types of Vaidya, Pranabhisara and Rogabhisara Vaidya, Qualities of Vaidya, Responsibilities of Vaidya, Chaturvidha Vaidyavrutti, Duties of Vaidya to his patient, Vaidya Sadvrittam, Apujya Vaidya, Code of conduct.

13.Laws in relation to Medical practitioners: Indian Medicine Central Council Act.

14.Maintenance of medical record.

15.Physician’s responsibility in criminal matters, Professional negligence, Civil negligence,

Criminal negligence, Medico Legal aspects of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Rights of an unborn child, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act Transplantation of

11 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

human organs Bill 1994, Pre Natal Diagnostic Testing Act, Malingering of feigned diseases, International Code of Medical Ethics for Doctors. Clinical establishment Act. Consumer Protection Act 1986.

PRACTICAL

Practical Training

1.Post Mortem examination

2.Evidence in the court

3.Demonstrations in the Forensic & Toxicology museum

 

(Toxic & Anti toxic substances, medico legal specimens & Charts)

 

4.

Clinical postings

 

5.

Library Hours for compilation

 

Distribution of Practical Marks

 

1.

Post Mortem examination and Court posting – Case Record

10 Marks

2.

Practical/Clinical Record Book

10 Marks

3.

Identification (spotting)

10 Marks

4.

Viva – voce

20 Marks

Total

50 Marks

Reference Books

1.Topics related to Agada Tantra from Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita, Ashtanga Hridaya, Ashtanga Samgraha, Kasyapa Samhitha, Yogaratnakara, Bhavaprakasha and Madhava Nidana.

2.

Vidhivaidyaka (Vyavahar Ayurveda Vijnan)

Dr.Charuchandra Pathak

3.

Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology

Modi

4.

Basavarajeeyam

Edited by Vd.Govardhan

5.

Agada Tantra

Sh. Ramanath Dwivedi

6.

Text book of Agada Tantra

Edited by Dr Huparikar, Dr.Joglekar

7.

Agadatantra ki Pathyapustaka

Edited By Dr Huparikar,

 

 

Dr.Joglekar

8.

Agad Tantra

Dr. Shekher Namboodri

9.

Vishachikitsa

Vaidya Balakrishnan Nair, Kerala

 

(Ayurveda Toxicology English Translation)

 

10.

Medical Ethics and Medical Laws in India

Dr. H.S. Mehta

11.

Toxicology Ayurvedic Perspective

VPSV Ayurveda college Kottakkal

12.

Kautilya Arthashastra (English)

Prof. Kangle

13.

Kautilya Arthashastra (Hindi)

Dr. Raghunath Singh

14.

Vyavahar Ayurveda

Dr.Ayodhya Prasad Achal

15.

Vyavahar Ayurveda Vigyanam

Dr.Indramohan Jha (Sachchan)

16.

Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Dr. V.V.Pillay

17.

Forensic Medicine

Dr. B. Umadathan

18.

Relevant Acts

Govt. of India

19.

Relevant topics from Manu Smriti

 

*****

***

*

12 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

2.3. Rasashastra Evam Bhaishajyakalpana

 

(IATROCHEMISTRY AND AYURVEDIC PHARMACEUTICS)

 

Theory -Two Papers

 

Total Marks- 200

 

Teaching hours-200

 

Practical :-

 

Total Marks-200

 

Teaching hours-200

 

RASASHASTRA

Paper 1

100 Marks

Part A

50 Marks

1.Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasashastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of Raseshwar Darshana. Concept of Rasashala and Rasamandap.

2.Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha): Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikarana, Lohitikarana, Mruta Loha, Satwa Patana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara.

3.Dravya Varga: Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitra panchaka, Rakta varga, Lavanapanchaka.

4.Brief description of Yantras and their application Ulukhala Yantra, Khalwa Yantra, Kachhapa Yantra, Damaru Yantra - Vidhyadhara Yantra- Urdhwapatan, Addhapatan & Tiryakpatana Yantra, Jaranartha Tulayantra, Dolayantra, Patalayantra, Palika Yantra, Baluka Yantra, Bhudhara Yantra, Sthali Yantra, Swedana Yantra.

5.Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible): Samanya Musha, Gostani musha, Vajra Musha, Maha musha, Yoga musha, Vrintaka Musha, Malla / Pakwa musha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica crucible, platinum crucible. Mudra and Sandhi Bandhana.

6.Brief description & applications of Chullika, Satwapatana Koshthi, Patala Kosthi, Gara Koshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven.

7.Concept, definition and types of Puta: Suryaputa, Chandraputa, Gomayaputa, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapotaputa, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa, Kumbhaputa, Valukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace. Brief introduction to thermocouple and pyrometer.

13 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

8.Knowledge of Parada: Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulottha parada, Types of Parada, Parada Dosha: Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika (Kanchuka). Grahya-Agrahya Parada, Parada gati, Parada bandha, Shodhana of Parada. Parada sanskara and brief description of Ashtasamskara.

9.Concept of Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. Tribhuvana Keerti Rasa, Parpati Rasa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa sindur, Pottali rasa - Hemagarbha pottali. Rasa sevana vidhi and pathya and apathya.

10.Brief introduction of quality control , standardization and GMP of Rasaoushadhies.

Part B

50 Marks

Occurrence, Synonyms, Minerological identification, Sources, Types, Grahya and Agrahyata, Shodhana, Marana and other processing techniques. Properties, dose, anupan and therapeutic uses, pathya – apathya and ashuddha, apakwa and avidhee sevanjanya dosha and its management, important formulations of the following:

1.Maharasa Abhraka (Biotite Mica), Vaikrantha, Makshika (Chalco-pyrite), Vimala (Iron Pyrite), Shilajatu, Sasyaka (Peacock ore), Chapala and Rasaka (Sphalerite).

2.Uparasa – Gandhaka (Sulfur), Gairika (Red Ochre), Kasisa (Green Vitriol), Kankshi (Alum), Haratala (Orpiment), Manahshila (Realgar), Anjana and Kankustha.

3.Sadharana Rasa – Kampillaka, Gauri pashana (Arsenic oxide), Navasadara (Ammonium chloride), Kaparda (Cowry), Agnijara, Giri Sindura (Red oxide of Hg), Hingula (Red Cinnabar) and Mriddara shringa (Litharge).

4.Dhatu -Swarna (Gold), Rajata (Silver), Tamra (Copper), Loha (Iron), Vanga (Tin), Naga (Lead), Yashada (Zinc), Kamsya (Bronze), Pittala (Brass), Vartaloha. Dhatu -graha sambandha.

5.Ratna - Manikya (Ruby), Mukta (Pearl), Pravala (Coral), Tarkshya (Emerald), Pushparaga (Topaz), Vajra (Diamond), Nilam (Sapphire), Gomeda (Zircon or Cinnamone stone), Vaidurya (Cats eye). Ratnapariksha, Ratnadosha, Ratna-graha sambandha.

6.Uparatna- Vaikranta (Tourmaline), Suryakanta (Sun stone), Chandrakanta (Moon stone), Rajavarta (Lapis lazuli), Perojaka (Turquise), Sphatikamani (Quartz), Trinakanta, Palanka, Putika, Rudhir.

7.Sudha varga – Sudha (Lime stone ), Kaparda (Cowries), Shukti (Oyster Shell) , Shankh

(Conch Shell),

Mriga shringa (Stag horn), Khatika, Godanti

(Gypsum) and

Samudraphena (Cattle Fish bone), Kukkutanda twak (Hen’s Egg Shell).

 

14 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

8.Sikata varga - Sikata (Silica), Dugdhapashana (Talc), Nagapashana / Jaharmohara (Serpentine), Badarshama (silicate of lime ), Vyomashma (Sangeyashab - Jade), Kousheyashma (Asbestos) and Akika (Agate).

9.Kshara varga - Sarja kshara (Sodium bicarbonate), Yava kshara, Tankana kshara (Borax), Surya Kshara (Potassium Nitrate).

10.Miscellaneous - Mandura, Bola, Dam-ul Akhawayan (Raktabandhini), Kasturi, Bhoonag, Mayurpiccha, Sarjarasa, Madhoocchishta.

11.Visha and Upavisha-Introduction, collection and storage, classification, synonyms, shodhana, antidote, therapeutic and toxic doses, anupan, therapeutic uses, and formulations of following Visha and Upavisha-Vatsanabha, Kuchala, Jayapala, Dhattura, Bhanga, Bhallataka, Gunja, Arka, Snuhi. Langali, Karaveera, Ahiphena and Chitrakmool.

12.Aushadhi Yoga Gyanam- ingredients, manufacturing process, and bheshajprayogvidhi. Arogya Vardhini Gutika, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Chandraprabha Vati, Chandramrita Rasa, Pratapalankeshwara Rasa, Pravalapanchamrita Rasa, Anandbhairava Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Laxmivilas Rasa, Vasantakusumakara, Vasantamalati Rasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani Rasa, Shankha vati, Shwaskuthara Rasa, Hinguleswara Rasa, Hemagarbhapottali, Hridyarnava Rasa, Swarnavanga, Makaradhwaja, Putapakwavaisham Jwarantaka Loha, Vatvidhvamsan Rasa, Kamadugha Rasa, Laghusutshekhar Rasa, Navayasa Loha, Saptamrita Loha, Tamra Parpati, Panchamrita Parpati, Sveta Parpati.

13.Introduction to pharamcovigilance and its status in India, with reference to Ayurvedic

drugs.

 

A)

Necessary to know – From part A

and B : S. No. 1 to 9

B) Desired to know – From part B : S. No. 10

 

Practical

 

100 Marks

Minimum Twenty five practicals to be performed

 

1.

Rasa [Parada]

Samanya Shodhana of Parada

 

 

Kajjali

 

 

Mugdha rasa

2

Maharasa varga

Shodhana of Abhraka

 

 

Dhanyabhraka nirmana

 

 

Shodhana of Makshika

 

 

Shodhana of Shilajatu

 

 

Shodhana of Sasyaka.

3.

Uparasa varga

Shodhana of Gandhaka

 

 

Shodhana of Gairika

15 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

 

 

Shodhana of Kasisa

 

 

Shodhana of Kankshi

 

 

Shodhana of Haratala

 

 

Rasa manikya nirman

 

 

Shodana of Manashila

4.

Sadharana rasa varga

Shodhana of Hingula

 

 

Sodhana of Navasadar

 

 

Shodhana of Kapardika

5.

Sudha Varga

Shodhana of Shankha

 

 

Shodhana of Shukti

 

 

Shodhana of Pravala mula

 

 

Shodhana of Godanti

6.

Dhatu varga

Samanya Shodhana of Lauha

 

 

Shodhana of Mandura

 

 

Samanya Shodhana of Tamra

 

 

Shodhana of Naga

 

 

Shodhana of Vanga

 

 

Shodhana of Yashada

7.

Kshara Varga

Shodhana of Tankana

8.

Parpati

Preparation of Rasaparpati, Bola

 

 

Parpati and Swetaparpati

9.

Visha varga

Shodhana of Vatsanabha,

 

 

Bhallataka, Kupilu, Dhattura beeja,

 

 

Jayapala, Gunja, Chitrakamoola.

PRACTICAL FOR DEMONSTRATION / GROUP PRACTICALS

1.Hingulad rasakrishti (Hingulottha Parada).

2.Bhasma: 4 (One from each group)

i.Abhraka bhasma, Swarna Makshika bhasma, Tamra bhasma

ii.Vanga bhasma, Naga bhasma, Yashada bhasma

iii.Mandura bhasma, Kasisa bhasma

iv.Shankha bhasma, Kapardika bhasma, Godanti bhasma.

3.Pishti : 1 Pravala pishti, Jaharmohara / Akika pishti,

Trina kantha mani pishti, Mukta pishti.

4.Druti : 1 Gandhaka druti.

5.Formulations 4 (one from each group)

i.Rasasindura, Swarna vanga, Sameer pannaga rasa

ii.Saptamruta lauha, Punarnava mandura, Navayasa lauha

iii.Agnitundi vati, Tribhuvana kirti rasa, Sootshekhara rasa, Laghusutashekhara Rasa

iv.Arogyavardhini vati, Laghumalinivasanta rasa, Hinguleshwar rasa, Anandbhairav rasa, Rajapravartini vati

16 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

 

BHAISHAJYAKALPANA

Paper II

100 Marks

Part A

50 Marks

1.History and Chronological (kramika vikasa) development of Bhaishajyakalpana. Concept of Aushadha and Bheshaja.

2.Fundamental principles of Bhaishajya Kalpana.

3.Study of Ancient and Contemporary systems of ‘Maana’ (Units of measurement), Shushka -ardra –drava- dravya grahan niyam (Rules of measures of dry, fresh, liquid drugs); Grahyagrahyatva, Nava Puran dravya grahan niyam.

4.Guidelines and Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhi dravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science.

5.Bheshajprayogavidhi : Aushadha Matra, Anupana and sahapan and Aushadh sevan kaala. (Posology).

6.Panchavidha kashaya kalpana and Other kalpana : Kashaya Yoni, Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta, Pramathya, Aushadha siddha paniya, Tandulodaka, Laksha rasa, Mantha, Panaka, Arka, Churna, Rasakriya, Ghana, Phanita, Avaleha, Prasha, Gudapaka, Sharkara, Syrups, Ksheerapaka, Satva, Guggulu kalpana, Vati, Guti, Pinda, Modaka, Varti Preparation of Tablets, pills, capsule and Suppositories. Masi kalpana, Lavana kalpana, Kshara kalpana and Kshara sutra.

7.Introduction and general knowledge of useful instruments/ Equipments -

Disintegrator, Mixer, Grinder, End Runner, Edge Runner, Sieve-Shaker, Granulator, Tableting machine, Pill making machines, coating and polishing pan, capsule filling machine, sieves and mesh.

8.Sneha kalpana : Sneha yoni, Types of Sneha, Sneha murchana vidhi, Sneha paka vidhi, patra paka, types and their use. Sneha siddhi lakshana, dose, Preparation and uses of Triphala Ghrita, Bramhighrita, Narayana taila, Anutaila.

9.Sandhana Kalpana and its types: Madya Kalpana, Asava, Arishta, Sura (Prasanna - Kadambari - Medaka - Jagala - Bakkasa), Maireya, Surasava, Shukta, Kanjika, Sauviraka, Tushodaka, Sidhu kalpana their methods of preparation, siddhi lakshana, properties, uses, doses. Takrarishta, Draksharishta, Ashokarishta, Dashamoolarishta, Kumaryasava, Chandanasava.

17 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

10.Kritanna and Aushadhisiddha anna Kalpana: Definition of Kritanna, Concept of Pathya and Apathya, Yavagu –types of yavagu, Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Anna, Bhakta, Odan, Yush -types, Krishara, Mansa rasa, Vesavara, Khad Kamblika, Raga, Shadava, Dadhi and Takra Varga – Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhachika.

PART B

1.Bahyopacharartha kalpana (External Applications)-Lepa -Types of Lepa, methods of preparation and mode of application. Udvartan and Avachurnan, Method of preparation of Siktha Taila, Malahara – Sarjarasa Malahara, Gandhak Malahara, Upanaha, Atasi upanaha, Shatadhouta and Sahastradhouta Ghrita. Brief introduction of semi solid dosage forms- Ointments, Creams, Emulsions, Gels, Lotions.

2.Principles and precautions for preparation of formulations for following:

2.1Netraupacharartha kalpana (Opthalmic preparations) – Seka, Drava, Pindi, Anjana - Ashchyotana - Tarpana - Putapaka and Vidalaka, Methods of preparation of eye drops, eye ointments.

2.2Nasyopachararth Kalpana - Classification of Nasya, Navana, Avapidana, Pradhaman, Marsha and Pratimarsha nasya.

2.3Dhumapanarth kalpana - Classification of dhumpaan, Method of preparation of dhumvarti and it’s therapeutic uses. Dhupan: Vranadhupan, arshodhupan.

2.4Mukhaprayogarth kalpana - Gandoosha - Kavala - Pratisaran, Tooth paste, Tooth powders and Mouth wash.

2.5Basti kalpana- Classification, Method of preparation of Niruha and Anuvasana, Basti Therapeutic properties and uses of Basti.

3Brief knowledge of Standardization of Ayurvedic formulations- Kasthaushadhi.

4Brief introduction of Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945.

5Concept of, Aushadhi Nirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T.

Practical Bhaishajya Kalpana

50 Marks

Following practicals to be performed- (Minimum one from each category)

Method of preparation, therapeutic uses, dose and anupana of the following

1.Swarasa- Ardraka swarasa, Tulasi swarasa, Kumari Swarasa, Vasa putapaka swarasa

2.Kalka- Nimba kalka, Rasona kalka.

3.Kwatha- Punarnavasthaka kwatha, Rasna Sapthaka kwatha, Kulattha kwath.

4.Hima- Dhanyaka hima, Sarivadi hima .

5.Phanta- Panchakola phanta,Yastimadhu Phanta.

18 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

6.Pramathya- Mustadi pramathya

7.Mantha- Kharjuradi mantha

8.Aushadh siddha paniya- Shadanga paniya

9.Laksha Rasa.

10.Arka - Yavani arka, Gulab arka, Misreya arka

11.Panaka- Chincha panaka, Chandan panaka.

12.Sharkara- Banapsha sharkara, Nimbu sarkara.

13.Churna- Sitopaladi Churna, Hinguwashtaka Churna.

14.Gutika- Chitrakadi Gutika, Sanjivani Vati.

15.Guggulu-Triphala Guggulu, Kaishora Guggulu.

16.Avaleha- Chyavanaprashavaleha, Vasavaleha, Vyaghri Haritaki avaleha, Manibadra avaleha.

17.Rasa kriya - Darvi Rasakriya, Guduchi Ghana, Kutaja Ghana.

18.Khanda- Haridra khanda, Narikela khanda, Sowbhagya shunti paka

19.Satva- Amruta satva,

20.Varti- Phala varti, Chandrodaya varthi

21.Lavana- Arka lavana, Narikela lavana

22.Masi- Triphala masi, Mayurpiccha Masi

23.Ksheerapaka- Arjuna ksheerapaka, Rasona ksheerapaka, Shunthi Ksheerpaka

24.Kshara- Apamarga kshara, Snuhi kshara, Ksharasutra. .

25.Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Yavagu, Krishra, Vesavara

26.Yusha - Mudga yusha, Saptamushtika yusha, Kulattha yusha

27.Aristha- Kutajarishta, Takrarishta .

28.Asava - Kumaryasava, Kanakasava

29.Sukta kalpana- Kanji

30.Udaka- Tandulodaka

31.Upanaha- Atasi Upanaha

32.Siktha Taila Nirmaan

33.Malahara- Sarjarasa malahara, Gandaka malahara, Cream, Emulsion. Sneha

Kalpana

Sneha Murchhana - Ghrita Murchana, Taila Moorchhana, Ghrita kalpana: Jatyadi ghrita, Triphala ghrita, ksheerashatphala ghrita- Taila kalpana-Panchaguna taila,Arka taila, Bala taila,Jatyadi taila

35.Taila patana- Bhallataka taila patana, Jayapala taila patana

36.Shodhana- Guggulu, Hingu.

II. Visit of minimum three GMP approved Ayurvedic manufacturing units.

19 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

Distribution of Practical Marks: Total 200 Marks

Rasashastra

-

100

1.

Record Book

-

10 Marks

2.

Experiment

-

30 Marks

3.

Spotting

-

20 Marks

4.

Viva-voce

-

40 Marks

Bhaishajyakalpana

-

100

1.

Record Book

-

10 Marks

2.

Experiment

-

30 Marks

3.

Spotting

-

20 Marks

4.

Viva-voce

-

40 Marks

Reference Books

 

1.

Adyatan Rasa Shastra

R.K. Goyal

2.

Abhinav Rasa Shastra

Vaidya Somadev Sharma

3.

Asava Arishta Vigyanam

Dr. Pakshdhar Jha

4.

Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra (Sachitra)

Chandrabhusan Jha

5.

Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra

Badrinarayan Pandey

6.

Rasa Bhaishajya Paribhasa

Sureshananda Thapaliyal

7.

Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra

Prof. Siddhi Nandan Mishra

8.

Ayurved Prakash

Vaidya Gujrat Mishra

9.

Drugs and Cosmetic Act - 1940

 

10.

Paka Darpana

Dr. Indradev Tripathi

11.

The Paka-darpana of King Nala

Dr. Madhulika critical study

12.

Parada Vigyaniyam

Vasudev M. Dwivedi

13.

Pratyaksha Aushadh Nirmanam

Acharya VishwanathDwivdei

14.

Bhaishjyakalpana Vigyanam

Dr. Agnihotri

15.

Rasa Tarangini

Sadanand Sharma

16.

Rasa Darpan

Prof. Bhajan Das Swami

17.

Rasa Bindu

Dr. Sanjay Sharma

20.

Rasa Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyan Vaidya

Santosh Kumar Khandal

21.

Rasa Mitra

Dr. Tryambak Nath Sharma

22.

Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (Hindi)

Dattattreya Ananta Kulkarni.

23.

Rasaratna samuchchaya-

Ambikadatta shastri

24.Rasaratna samuchchaya -

Damodar Joshi

20 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

25.

Rasa Shastra Prayogiki Srivastava,

Yadav and Prof. Ramesh Saxena

26.

Rasamritam

Vaidya Yadavji Tirkramji Acharya

25.

Rasayan Sara

Vaidya Shyam Sunderacharya

 

 

Vaishya

26.

Rasendra Sampradaya

Vaidya Hajari Lal Sukul

27.

Rasendra Sara Sangraha

Vaidya Gopal Krishna

29.

Vaidyak Paribhasha Pradeep (Hindi Translation)

Dr. Indradev Tripathi

30.

Sharangadhara Samhita

Dr. Radhakrishna Parashar

31.

Bharatiya Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyana

Gananath Vishwanath Dwivedi

32.

Bhaishajya Kalpana Vijnanam

Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy

33.

Rasa Shastra (English)

Prof. Damodar Joshi

34.

Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (English)

Prof. Damodar Joshi

35.

Rasendra Chintamani (Hindi)

Prof. Siddhinandan Mishra

36.

Ayurvedic formulary of India

 

38.Ayurvedic Pharmacopiea of India , CCRAS

 

39.

Bhaishjya Kalpana Vigyan

Siddhi Nandan Mishra

40.

Textbook of Rasashasra

Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy.

41.

Ashadhayoga Vigyanam

Dr. K. Ramachandra reddy

42.

Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradipa (Enlgish Translation) Dr. K. Ramachndra Reddy &

 

 

Dr. P. Suresh

43.

Relevant parts of Brihatrayee

 

44.Text book of Bhaishjya Kalpana -

Dr Shobha G Hiremath

45.

Text Book of Rasa Shastra

Dr P H C Murthy

46.Rasa Chandashu

Prof S S Savirkar (CCRAS Publication)

47 .Bhaishjya Ratnawali

Prof S N Mishra

48 Yoga Ratnakar

 

*****

***

*

21 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3

2.4 CHARAKASAMHITA -PURVARDHA

(Sutrasthana, Nidanasthana, Vimanasthana, Sharirasthana and Indriyasthana)

Theory- One Paper– 100 Marks

Lectures – 200 Hours

Part A

1.

Sutrasthana

-

40 Marks

2.

Indriyasthana

-

10 Marks

Part B

 

 

1.

Nidanasthana

-

15 Marks

2.

Vimanasthana

-

20 Marks

3.

Sharirasthana

-

15 Marks

Reference Books

1.Charakasamhita –Ayurveda Dipika commentary by Chakrapani.

2.Charakasamhita (Hindi Commentary): Vaidya Jayadev Vidyalankar or Vd. Atridev Vidyalankar or Prof. Gorakha Nath Chaturvedi & Kashinath Shastri or Dr. Brahmanand Tripathy or Dr. Ravi Dutta Tripathy

3.Charakasamhita (English Commentary): Dr. Ram Karan Sharma & Vd. Bhagwan Dash or Acharya Priyavrata Sharma.

4.Charakasamhita-Ayurveda Dipika Commentary-Hindi Translation by Dr. B L Gaur, published by Rashtriya Ayurved Vidyapeeth.

*****

***

*

22 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3